Introduction to linguistics at Universität Mannheim

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Language is a … as well as a … 

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to linguistics at the Universität Mannheim on StudySmarter:

What’s the difference between animal and human language ?

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What is performance ?
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what is competence ?

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What is grammar?

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Semantics

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Phonology 
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Syntax

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Morphology

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Phonetics

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How is a language represented in the brain? (Linguistic field)
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How do we produce and process language ?

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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to linguistics at the Universität Mannheim on StudySmarter:

Introduction to linguistics

Language is a … as well as a … 
Cognitive system: part of mental/psychological structure 
Social system: language use for communication 

Introduction to linguistics

What’s the difference between animal and human language ?
Animal communication: 
-refers to the here and now
-finite range of expressions 
Human language:
-is referential(future/past)
-can be abstract(feelings)
-infinite range of expressions

Introduction to linguistics

What is performance ?
Ability to use a language 

Introduction to linguistics

what is competence ?
Hidden knowledge of a language (mentally represented)
—> grammatic
—>ambiguity
—>recursiveness 

Introduction to linguistics

What is grammar?
Set of rules combining words to form sentences 
—> consists of a mental lexicon that stores phonological, morphological, semantical and syntactic information

Introduction to linguistics

Semantics
Study of meaning

Introduction to linguistics

Phonology 
Study of sound systems/ abstract sounds

Introduction to linguistics

Syntax
Study of sentences

Introduction to linguistics

Morphology
Study of words

Introduction to linguistics

Phonetics
study of the acoustic qualities, actual realization of speech and sounds, differences in sounds

Introduction to linguistics

How is a language represented in the brain? (Linguistic field)
Neurolinguistics

Introduction to linguistics

How do we produce and process language ?
Psycholinguistics

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