Internationale Beziehungen Und Europäische Integration at Universität Konstanz | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Internationale Beziehungen und Europäische Integration an der Universität Konstanz

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What are International Relations' subfields?

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- Conflict processes

- Foreign policy analysis

- International political economy

- Regional integration/ international organisation/ law

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Levels of analysis

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1. Image: Man/ Woman

2. Image State

3. Image: System (war)

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What are Actors, according to FLS and what determines their political actions?

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Actors are basic units of IR analysis

Political actions determined by their interests

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What are Interests, according to FLS and what categories can they be divided in?

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- Interests are preferences over outcomes, that could result from political action.

Categories:

1. Power/ Security (stressed mostly by Realism)

2. Economic or material welfare (stressed mostly by Liberalism)

3. Ideological goal (stressed mostly by Constructivism and Idealism)

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What are (strategic) Interactions, according to FLS and what are the assumptions regarding them?

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- Interactions are ways, in which choices of two or more actors combine to produce political outcomes

- Strategic interaction is a sort of interaction, in which one actor's strategy is determined by their anticipation of the other actors strategy


Assumptions: 

1. Actors behave rational

2. Actors take assumed action of other actors into account


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What two categories can interactions be divided in?

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1. Cooperation 

= two or more actors adopt a policy, that benefits at least one of them, while not making others worse off, compared to the Status Quo 

2. Bargaining 

= actors must choose between outcomes, that could make one of them better off than the other

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What two categories of cooperation are there?

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1. Coordination 

= Interaction, where all actors benefit from making the same choices (Rechtsfahrgebot); there is no incentive to not comply

2. Collaboration 

= Actors gain from cooperation, but still have a unilateral interest incentive to defect (Prisoners Dilemma)

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What determines, whether actors cooperate?


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  • Number and relative size of actors (smaller numbers of actors can cooperate more easily)
  • Repeatetd interactions with the same partners & possibility of reciprocal punishment
  • Linkage between issues of cooperation
  • Availiability of information on compliance/ non-compliance of other actors


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What determines, who wins or loses in bargaining?

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  • Power: The more power an actor has, the more he is expected to gain from bargaining.
  • Reversion outcome
    = outcome in case no bargaining solution is reached. 
  • Coercion: Threat or imposition of costs on other actors in order to change their behaviour
  • Outside options: Alternatives to bargaining with a specific actor.
  • Agenda-setting power: Power which comes with a “first move” and helps an actor to secure a more favourable bargaining outcome.
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What are Institutions and who benefits from them?

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Institutions are sets of rules, known and shared by the community, that structure political interactions in specific ways.

Institutions are the results of a set of cooperations and bargaining processes --> winners of these processes set the rules 

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How do institutions affect and facilitate cooperation?

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  • No "world government" --> international anarchy
  • Institutions can't enforce behaviour but they can facilitate cooperation, making self-enforcement easier for members, by
    • setting standards of behaviour
    • verifying compliance
    • reducing the costs of joint decision-making
    • resolving dispute


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How can the field of International Relations be defined?

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It seeks to understand, how the people and countries of the world get along 

Important for most definitions: states are crucial but not only actors and inter-relationship between states

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  • 60292 Karteikarten
  • 1252 Studierende
  • 118 Lernmaterialien

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Q:

What are International Relations' subfields?

A:

- Conflict processes

- Foreign policy analysis

- International political economy

- Regional integration/ international organisation/ law

Q:

Levels of analysis

A:

1. Image: Man/ Woman

2. Image State

3. Image: System (war)

Q:

What are Actors, according to FLS and what determines their political actions?

A:

Actors are basic units of IR analysis

Political actions determined by their interests

Q:

What are Interests, according to FLS and what categories can they be divided in?

A:

- Interests are preferences over outcomes, that could result from political action.

Categories:

1. Power/ Security (stressed mostly by Realism)

2. Economic or material welfare (stressed mostly by Liberalism)

3. Ideological goal (stressed mostly by Constructivism and Idealism)

Q:

What are (strategic) Interactions, according to FLS and what are the assumptions regarding them?

A:

- Interactions are ways, in which choices of two or more actors combine to produce political outcomes

- Strategic interaction is a sort of interaction, in which one actor's strategy is determined by their anticipation of the other actors strategy


Assumptions: 

1. Actors behave rational

2. Actors take assumed action of other actors into account


Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What two categories can interactions be divided in?

A:

1. Cooperation 

= two or more actors adopt a policy, that benefits at least one of them, while not making others worse off, compared to the Status Quo 

2. Bargaining 

= actors must choose between outcomes, that could make one of them better off than the other

Q:

What two categories of cooperation are there?

A:

1. Coordination 

= Interaction, where all actors benefit from making the same choices (Rechtsfahrgebot); there is no incentive to not comply

2. Collaboration 

= Actors gain from cooperation, but still have a unilateral interest incentive to defect (Prisoners Dilemma)

Q:

What determines, whether actors cooperate?


A:
  • Number and relative size of actors (smaller numbers of actors can cooperate more easily)
  • Repeatetd interactions with the same partners & possibility of reciprocal punishment
  • Linkage between issues of cooperation
  • Availiability of information on compliance/ non-compliance of other actors


Q:

What determines, who wins or loses in bargaining?

A:
  • Power: The more power an actor has, the more he is expected to gain from bargaining.
  • Reversion outcome
    = outcome in case no bargaining solution is reached. 
  • Coercion: Threat or imposition of costs on other actors in order to change their behaviour
  • Outside options: Alternatives to bargaining with a specific actor.
  • Agenda-setting power: Power which comes with a “first move” and helps an actor to secure a more favourable bargaining outcome.
Q:

What are Institutions and who benefits from them?

A:

Institutions are sets of rules, known and shared by the community, that structure political interactions in specific ways.

Institutions are the results of a set of cooperations and bargaining processes --> winners of these processes set the rules 

Q:

How do institutions affect and facilitate cooperation?

A:
  • No "world government" --> international anarchy
  • Institutions can't enforce behaviour but they can facilitate cooperation, making self-enforcement easier for members, by
    • setting standards of behaviour
    • verifying compliance
    • reducing the costs of joint decision-making
    • resolving dispute


Q:

How can the field of International Relations be defined?

A:

It seeks to understand, how the people and countries of the world get along 

Important for most definitions: states are crucial but not only actors and inter-relationship between states

Internationale Beziehungen und Europäische Integration

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