englisch intro to linguistics at Universität Koblenz-Landau

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Exemplary flashcards for englisch intro to linguistics at the Universität Koblenz-Landau on StudySmarter:

Duality of patterning 

Exemplary flashcards for englisch intro to linguistics at the Universität Koblenz-Landau on StudySmarter:

Indexical signs 

Exemplary flashcards for englisch intro to linguistics at the Universität Koblenz-Landau on StudySmarter:

Metalanguage 
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Exemplary flashcards for englisch intro to linguistics at the Universität Koblenz-Landau on StudySmarter:

Displacement 

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Reflexiveness 

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Signs 

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semiotics 
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Signifier 

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Signified 

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Traditional transmission 

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Prevarication 
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Symbolic signs 

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Exemplary flashcards for englisch intro to linguistics at the Universität Koblenz-Landau on StudySmarter:

englisch intro to linguistics

Duality of patterning 
Language is organised at the level of forms and the level of meanings 
-> <s> <t> and <a> are forms that can be combined into meaningful sequences, such as -> as, at, sat...

englisch intro to linguistics

Indexical signs 
Direct physical or causal connection to their meaning that can be inferred by the observer 
smoke is indexical of fire -> smoke is a signifier and fire is the thing that it signifies 
modern machinery -> beeping and flashing 
here and now -> indexical of present time and place 
accents -> information about where someone is from 

englisch intro to linguistics

Metalanguage 
Set of concepts and labels for talking about language, not apparent in any other communication system 

englisch intro to linguistics

Displacement 
- ability to talk about things that are not actually present, they can be: 
displaced in time , in the past or in the future 
displaced physically because they are elsewhere, do not exist though they are wished for/no longer exist

englisch intro to linguistics

Reflexiveness 
People can use language to talk about language -> reflect on language 

englisch intro to linguistics

Signs 
Combination of distinctive set of forms and specific meaning 
meanings attributed to signs vary according to the culture and context in which they are found 
signs exist when a particular form carries a conventional meaning 

englisch intro to linguistics

semiotics 
study of signs 
all kind of ways that meaning is expressed and attributed, domains including:
body language 
art 
music 
literature...

englisch intro to linguistics

Signifier 
Form being used as the sign 

englisch intro to linguistics

Signified 
Meaning being represented 

englisch intro to linguistics

Traditional transmission 
Children learn language as part of their socialisation into their families and communities 
communication systems of animals are generally instinctive 

englisch intro to linguistics

Prevarication 
Ability to lie 
lying is the intention of creating a false belief in the target of their deception 

englisch intro to linguistics

Symbolic signs 
Only conventionalised relationship 
No resemblance between the signifier and the signified -> relation between signifier and signified is based on convention 
example: Australia: yellow background on road sign; Germany: white background on road sign -> convey same meaning 

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