Englisch Linguistik at Universität Kassel

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Sound classes

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Place of articulation 

Exemplary flashcards for Englisch Linguistik at the Universität Kassel on StudySmarter:

Manner of Articulation 
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Manner of Articulation 

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vowels transcription

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suprasegmentals 

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Phone
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Phoneme

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Allophones

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Complementary distribution 

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Minimal pair
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3 forms of phonetics

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Exemplary flashcards for Englisch Linguistik at the Universität Kassel on StudySmarter:

Englisch Linguistik

Sound classes
Vowels (a, e, i)
glides (wet, yet) 
consonants 

Englisch Linguistik

Place of articulation 
Bilabial (p, b, m, w, M) 
Labiodental (f, v) 
Interdental (θ, ð )
Alveolar (t, d, s, z, n, l, ) 
Alveopalatal (ʃ (sh), ʒ (s), dʒ (j/g -> ds), tʃ (ch))
Palatal (j (y))
Velar (k, g, η (n vor g), w, M) 
Glottal (h) 

Englisch Linguistik

Manner of Articulation 

Stop (p, b, t, d, k, g)

Fricative (f, v, s, z, h, θ, ð, ʃ, ʒ) 

Affricate (dʒ, tʃ) 
Nasal (m, n, η) 
Liquid (l, umgedrehtes r) 
glide (w, umgedrehtes w (M), j)























voiced palatal affricate

Englisch Linguistik

Manner of Articulation 

Voiceless: p, t, k, f, s, h, θ, umgedrehtes w (M), ʃ, tʃ
Voiced: b, d, g, v, z, m, n, η, w, j, l, umgedrehtes r, ð, ʒ,

Englisch Linguistik

vowels transcription
Heat (i) 
mate (e) 
shoot (u)
coat (ow) 
lock (a) 
lies (aj)
loud (aw) 
boy (umgedrehtes c j) 
hit (I strich oben und unten) 
met (ε) 
mat (ae) 
should (u mit strichen links und rechts) 
ougeht (umgekehrtes c) 
cut (v umgedreht) 
Canad(umgedrehtes e) 

Englisch Linguistik

suprasegmentals 
aspects that concern more than one element, stressed elements are acoustically more prominent -> louder

Englisch Linguistik

Phone
Smallest sound unit detectable e.g. an enemy 
-> no meaning difference when you leave it out 

Englisch Linguistik

Phoneme
Smallest sound segment that differentiates meaning 
e.g. bet - pat 

Englisch Linguistik

Allophones
Variants of one and the same phoneme 
e.g. tich - stick -> different aspiration 
sand - nuts -> two different n’s depending on the position in a word  
-> one phoneme with different allophones meanings 

Englisch Linguistik

Complementary distribution 
/i/ -> phoneme 
In front of voiced obstruents: long (i:)
elsewhere: short (i) 
eckige Klammern -> allophones 

wo klingen Buchstaben wie?

Englisch Linguistik

Minimal pair
Two words with distinct meanings that differ by only one segment in the same position, everything is the same but one 
-> different phonemes create minimal pairs

Englisch Linguistik

3 forms of phonetics
Articulatory, acoustic, auditory

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