Economic History at Universität Hohenheim | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Economic History an der Universität Hohenheim

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
ECONOMIC NATIONALISM AND IMPERIALISM


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
• States sought revenues to mantain and expand their  military forces
• The policies from economic nationalism represented a transfer from
the local to the national level
• They competed for the extension of  territory and the control of trade
• Spanish imperialism started in XV and  norden countries in the XVIIth
century

•  These last countries developed their imperialism through  private
companies

• Trade pushed the economy in England and Holand changing the
population structure



Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What does Economic History mean?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Economic History subject is “The Nature and  Causes of the Wealth of
Nations”


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Economic Development
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Economic Development  means economic growth accompained by
substantial structural change of the economy.

  •  Development economics analyses the economic structure and
    transformation of developing countries.

  • Development occurs with the reduction and elimination of poverty,
    inequality and unemployment. (Dudley, Seers 1969)


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How did life change before industrial revolution?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
At first life was tough (lonely, poor, dirty)
  • change of fundamental rights: life liberty and pursuit of happiness

then
  • improvement of life expectancy in short time
  • more money more food more trade more buying more life expectancy

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Turning point of countries getting rich in the beginning? how did it start
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
15/16 Century
  • International trade (silk route)
  • Trade related to discovery (columbus) 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Economic Growth
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Economic Growth  is defined as sustained increase in the total output
of g&s produced by a given society.


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Causes why some countries are rich and some poor 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • colonialism
  • governatal policies/wars/political system
  • international trade
  • infrastructures
  • Ressources
  • inventions/industrial revolution
  • Independency/trade
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1776
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1776
  •  American Independency —> political freedom
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Wealth of nations was published —> ideas of economic freedom

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
 189 countries of UN signed  8 goals to erradicate poverty and other
issues in 2015.
 Is the strongest statement yet to ending global poverty.
 The MDGs were developed in consultation with LDCs, IMF, UN, OECD
and WTO.


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Some criticism to the MDG (Millenium Development Goals)


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
 Target were not ambitious enough.
 Setting 2015 as an end date.
 dumping


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
CASE OF STUDY: Poverty, inequality and the OXFAM REPORT


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
 20% (1,2 billion) on less than $1 a day
 The GDP of the poorest 48 nations is
less than the wealth of the three  richest
people.
 Nearly one billion entered the 21st
century unable to read

 Some 1.1 billion have inadequate
access to water, and 2.6 billon lack basic
sanitation.
 1 billon children live in poverty
 According to UNICEF, 30,000 children
die each day due to poverty



Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
OLD DEMOGRAPHIC REGIME


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • High levels in  death  and birth rates
  •  Epidemic diseases. Black Death 1347- 1352 • Wars. War of the 100 years • Famines)
  • Existence of some  mechanisms  that regulated the natural growth
  • Malthusians limitations. (Famines, Wars y diseases).

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  • 143115 Karteikarten
  • 1623 Studierende
  • 29 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Economic History Kurs an der Universität Hohenheim - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
ECONOMIC NATIONALISM AND IMPERIALISM


A:
• States sought revenues to mantain and expand their  military forces
• The policies from economic nationalism represented a transfer from
the local to the national level
• They competed for the extension of  territory and the control of trade
• Spanish imperialism started in XV and  norden countries in the XVIIth
century

•  These last countries developed their imperialism through  private
companies

• Trade pushed the economy in England and Holand changing the
population structure



Q:
What does Economic History mean?
A:
Economic History subject is “The Nature and  Causes of the Wealth of
Nations”


Q:
Economic Development
A:
Economic Development  means economic growth accompained by
substantial structural change of the economy.

  •  Development economics analyses the economic structure and
    transformation of developing countries.

  • Development occurs with the reduction and elimination of poverty,
    inequality and unemployment. (Dudley, Seers 1969)


Q:
How did life change before industrial revolution?
A:
At first life was tough (lonely, poor, dirty)
  • change of fundamental rights: life liberty and pursuit of happiness

then
  • improvement of life expectancy in short time
  • more money more food more trade more buying more life expectancy

Q:
Turning point of countries getting rich in the beginning? how did it start
A:
15/16 Century
  • International trade (silk route)
  • Trade related to discovery (columbus) 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Economic Growth
A:
Economic Growth  is defined as sustained increase in the total output
of g&s produced by a given society.


Q:
Causes why some countries are rich and some poor 
A:
  • colonialism
  • governatal policies/wars/political system
  • international trade
  • infrastructures
  • Ressources
  • inventions/industrial revolution
  • Independency/trade
Q:
1776
A:
1776
  •  American Independency —> political freedom
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Wealth of nations was published —> ideas of economic freedom

Q:
THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS


A:
 189 countries of UN signed  8 goals to erradicate poverty and other
issues in 2015.
 Is the strongest statement yet to ending global poverty.
 The MDGs were developed in consultation with LDCs, IMF, UN, OECD
and WTO.


Q:
Some criticism to the MDG (Millenium Development Goals)


A:
 Target were not ambitious enough.
 Setting 2015 as an end date.
 dumping


Q:
CASE OF STUDY: Poverty, inequality and the OXFAM REPORT


A:
 20% (1,2 billion) on less than $1 a day
 The GDP of the poorest 48 nations is
less than the wealth of the three  richest
people.
 Nearly one billion entered the 21st
century unable to read

 Some 1.1 billion have inadequate
access to water, and 2.6 billon lack basic
sanitation.
 1 billon children live in poverty
 According to UNICEF, 30,000 children
die each day due to poverty



Q:
OLD DEMOGRAPHIC REGIME


A:
  • High levels in  death  and birth rates
  •  Epidemic diseases. Black Death 1347- 1352 • Wars. War of the 100 years • Famines)
  • Existence of some  mechanisms  that regulated the natural growth
  • Malthusians limitations. (Famines, Wars y diseases).

Economic History

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