Cultural Studies - Einführung In Die Kulturwissenschaft at Universität Hildesheim | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Cultural Studies - Einführung in die Kulturwissenschaft an der Universität Hildesheim

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Cultural Studies - Einführung in die Kulturwissenschaft Kurs an der Universität Hildesheim zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is culture?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- it is one of the most difficult words in the English language (William's 1983)
- Etymology: from Latin word 'colere' which means to cultivate in the sense of farming
- modern and useful definition: shared knowledge and behavior patterns of a certain group of people
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Culture as more
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Culture makes humans different to people 
- Culture as more -> culture as an elitist concept
- high culture: opera, poetry, art
 related to higher education and higher social class
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Culture as more advantages and disadvantages
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Advantages:
- humanistic education based on this concept
- values as intellect, genius are emphasized

Disadvantages: 
- used as a tool for exclusion of lower classes and minorities 
- outsiders could never gain access
- today only a few academics would support this definitions due to these disadvantages 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Culture applied to geographical and political entities 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Nations share same language, character, art and traditions
- culture is the term to give all these variegated elements an all-embracing name and identity
-> e.g. : American, Western, Islamic culture, implying a more or less clear distinction between these entities

Advantages: 
- Concept is easy to understand, often used in every day talk (e.g. media)
- quick and easy to use

Disadvantages: 
- essentialization: term implies that millions of people share unified national characteristics 
- blind for hybridization 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Essentialization 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Persons have an "essence" of the self that we call identity. Such essentialism assumes that descriptions of ourselves reflect an essential underlying identity.
There would be a fixed essence of femininity, masculinity, teenagers and all other social categories.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Hybridization
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Mixing together of different cultural elements to create new meanings and identities.
British-Asians, Mexican-Americans, French-Morrocans
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Explain "Memory is performative"
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
An activity that we (as a whole culture)  actively do. We (or rather: some groups of people in our society) choose, which past events to actively remember (celebrate, commemorate). This shapes a society's sense of an "identity as we"
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Name 3 different media, which produce collective memory (+ 1 example each)
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1. Writing: e.g. novels with a historical backdrop
2. Images/videos: e.g. history documentaries on TV 
3. Teaching: e.g. history lessons in high schools
4. Intensive communication: e.g. repeated storytelling about the family's past at family gatherings
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Can cultures be traumatized?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Yes. Trauma is related to experiences that are so painful, incomprehensible or humiliating that our perception automatically closes its gates to such an intruder. A specific feature of trauma is its long-term effects on victims. For the sake of self protection, it has been excluded and shut off in a separate compartment from the conscious mind because it destroys the framework within which the person constructs his identity. A collective trauma e.g. is the Holocaust, it took until 1980 before some victims could even talk about it. The aim of therapy is to bring the buried trauma into conscious memory and to integrate it to the person's identity.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is an invented tradition? (+example)
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Parts of societies react to modernization and quick changes by upholding traditional values that they believe to be authentic for their group. Often, these traditions are not really old, but rearranged or newly arranged cultural practices, which appear to be old and authentic.
Examples:
Sumo in Japan
Graduation in Germany (Doktorhut) ->tradition at some American universities 
Retro filters on instagram
Mittelaltermärkte
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Why do cultures invent traditions?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Societies everywhere are under pressure and stress from modernization/globalization/immigration. Many people react to a quickly changing world with nostalgia for a simpler past even if this simple, better past never actually existed.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How are the cities of today shaped by the culture of today? (+2 examples)
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1. The growing amount of surveillance cameras indicates that we live in a culture with a growing need for security

2. In many European cities, new shopping malls are built, often not in the direct center, but in the periphery. This development mirrors our culture's/society's emphasis on consumerism, while deemphasizing other traditional functions of city centers.
Lösung ausblenden
  • 22349 Karteikarten
  • 630 Studierende
  • 27 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Cultural Studies - Einführung in die Kulturwissenschaft Kurs an der Universität Hildesheim - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is culture?
A:
- it is one of the most difficult words in the English language (William's 1983)
- Etymology: from Latin word 'colere' which means to cultivate in the sense of farming
- modern and useful definition: shared knowledge and behavior patterns of a certain group of people
Q:
Culture as more
A:
- Culture makes humans different to people 
- Culture as more -> culture as an elitist concept
- high culture: opera, poetry, art
 related to higher education and higher social class
Q:
Culture as more advantages and disadvantages
A:
Advantages:
- humanistic education based on this concept
- values as intellect, genius are emphasized

Disadvantages: 
- used as a tool for exclusion of lower classes and minorities 
- outsiders could never gain access
- today only a few academics would support this definitions due to these disadvantages 

Q:
Culture applied to geographical and political entities 
A:
- Nations share same language, character, art and traditions
- culture is the term to give all these variegated elements an all-embracing name and identity
-> e.g. : American, Western, Islamic culture, implying a more or less clear distinction between these entities

Advantages: 
- Concept is easy to understand, often used in every day talk (e.g. media)
- quick and easy to use

Disadvantages: 
- essentialization: term implies that millions of people share unified national characteristics 
- blind for hybridization 
Q:
Essentialization 
A:
Persons have an "essence" of the self that we call identity. Such essentialism assumes that descriptions of ourselves reflect an essential underlying identity.
There would be a fixed essence of femininity, masculinity, teenagers and all other social categories.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Hybridization
A:
Mixing together of different cultural elements to create new meanings and identities.
British-Asians, Mexican-Americans, French-Morrocans
Q:
Explain "Memory is performative"
A:
An activity that we (as a whole culture)  actively do. We (or rather: some groups of people in our society) choose, which past events to actively remember (celebrate, commemorate). This shapes a society's sense of an "identity as we"
Q:
Name 3 different media, which produce collective memory (+ 1 example each)
A:
1. Writing: e.g. novels with a historical backdrop
2. Images/videos: e.g. history documentaries on TV 
3. Teaching: e.g. history lessons in high schools
4. Intensive communication: e.g. repeated storytelling about the family's past at family gatherings
Q:
Can cultures be traumatized?
A:
Yes. Trauma is related to experiences that are so painful, incomprehensible or humiliating that our perception automatically closes its gates to such an intruder. A specific feature of trauma is its long-term effects on victims. For the sake of self protection, it has been excluded and shut off in a separate compartment from the conscious mind because it destroys the framework within which the person constructs his identity. A collective trauma e.g. is the Holocaust, it took until 1980 before some victims could even talk about it. The aim of therapy is to bring the buried trauma into conscious memory and to integrate it to the person's identity.
Q:
What is an invented tradition? (+example)
A:
Parts of societies react to modernization and quick changes by upholding traditional values that they believe to be authentic for their group. Often, these traditions are not really old, but rearranged or newly arranged cultural practices, which appear to be old and authentic.
Examples:
Sumo in Japan
Graduation in Germany (Doktorhut) ->tradition at some American universities 
Retro filters on instagram
Mittelaltermärkte
Q:
Why do cultures invent traditions?
A:
Societies everywhere are under pressure and stress from modernization/globalization/immigration. Many people react to a quickly changing world with nostalgia for a simpler past even if this simple, better past never actually existed.
Q:
How are the cities of today shaped by the culture of today? (+2 examples)
A:
1. The growing amount of surveillance cameras indicates that we live in a culture with a growing need for security

2. In many European cities, new shopping malls are built, often not in the direct center, but in the periphery. This development mirrors our culture's/society's emphasis on consumerism, while deemphasizing other traditional functions of city centers.
Cultural Studies - Einführung in die Kulturwissenschaft

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden Cultural Studies - Einführung in die Kulturwissenschaft
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen Cultural Studies - Einführung in die Kulturwissenschaft