Sozialpsychologie at Universität Hamburg

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg

Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Accessibility of Group Memberships: 

What are temporary, situational factors

Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Accessibility of Group membership:

What are stable factors

Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Why is Social Comparison with higher status groups threatening?

Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

mastery reasons for forming stereotypes 

Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What effects do Existential Threats (genocide, holocaust) or threats to group security (like extremism or terrorism) have ?

Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Is Social Identity related to Prejudice against Outgroups? 

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When are automatic stereotypes activated

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When are our stereotypes exaggerated, biased and inaccurate? 

Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

self-protection (mastery) reasons for forming stereotypes 

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connectedness reasons for forming stereotypes 

Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

con arguments for the prejudiced personality

Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What are the effects of self-categorization (on the self) ?

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Exemplary flashcards for Sozialpsychologie at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Sozialpsychologie

Accessibility of Group Memberships: 

What are temporary, situational factors

  • explicit labeling (eg ‘Studentin’)
  • presence of ingroup members 
  • highlighted group symbols (eg logos, flags, uniforms)
  • presence of outgroup members 
    • eg someone greets you in bavarian, and you are reminded that you’re from berlin 

Sozialpsychologie

Accessibility of Group membership:

What are stable factors

  • intergroup rivalry / conflict
  • being a minority
    • if you are member of a minority, the membership is likely to be constantly activated 
  • being target of discrimination
  • chronic accessibility
    • special cultural and individual differences

Sozialpsychologie

Why is Social Comparison with higher status groups threatening?

  • it may result in negative social identity 
  • i would have to admit that their group is better than my group 

Sozialpsychologie

mastery reasons for forming stereotypes 

Mastery 

  • understanding and predicting others 
  • reflecting direct and indirect experiences with group members (indirect = learn from others) 
  • helps our understanding of the world 
    • eg: how a male vs. a female professor acts in the lecture

Sozialpsychologie

What effects do Existential Threats (genocide, holocaust) or threats to group security (like extremism or terrorism) have ?

  • events that physically or symbolically threaten the group existence activate strong defense mechanisms 

Sozialpsychologie

Is Social Identity related to Prejudice against Outgroups? 

  • social identity is strongly related to ingroup liking and ingroup preferation 
  • is does NOT explain outgroup dislike 
  • can’t use the explanation that far 

Sozialpsychologie

When are automatic stereotypes activated

  • Complex information
  • Time pressure
  • Unimportance of consequences
    • why bother to use cognitive resources? 
  • Low cognitive resources
  • Wrong time of the day
  • Emotional arousal 
    • arousal limits cognitive capacity
    • eg: when excited or when feared 
  • Power 
    • reduces attention & need for accuracy
    • your status saves you from the consequences 

Sozialpsychologie

When are our stereotypes exaggerated, biased and inaccurate? 

  • unrepresentative experiences
    • illusory correlations: we attribute something to them that was not correlated with them 
  • Underestimated influence of social roles
    • correspondence bias (underestimate the power of the situation and overestimate the individual contribution) 
  • Misattribution of (negative) emotions during first encounters
    • experience emotions in response to a direct/indirect experience with group members -> attribute it to them 
  • Conditioning of (negative) emotions during first encounters
  • Misrepresentation of minorities 
    • e.g., in the Media; highly
      stereotypical depiction

Sozialpsychologie

self-protection (mastery) reasons for forming stereotypes 

  • Belief in a just world (Lerner, 1980)
  • System Justification Theory (Jost & Banaji, 1995) 
  • helps us to perceive our social system as fair 
  • we can justify inequality and status differences with stereotypes 
    • people get what they deserve 
    • if you’re treated badly, you (or your people) must have done something to deserve it 
  • otherwise it could happen to us and we would feel threatened 

Sozialpsychologie

connectedness reasons for forming stereotypes 

  • stereotypes are social norms 
  • helps us feel connected because we share stereotypes with others
  • we accept them to belong -> want to be good group members 

Sozialpsychologie

con arguments for the prejudiced personality

  • small effect sizes 
  • the more educated people are, the more likely they are to have negative attiudes towards riches, business people or conservative groups
  • so if researches just look at low status groups, they will find that they are disliked by people with low cognitive abilities, but just because the smarts have other prejudices 

Sozialpsychologie

What are the effects of self-categorization (on the self) ?

  • opinions, emotions and behaviours move toward those typical of the group 
  • experience of (intense) emotions in response to events affecting the group or other group members
  • eg: Basking In Reflected Glory 

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wissenschaftliches arbeiten

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Sozialpsychologie

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Allgemeine Psychologie 1

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