Social psychology at Universität Hamburg

Flashcards and summaries for Social psychology at the Universität Hamburg

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Social psychology at the Universität Hamburg

Exemplary flashcards for Social psychology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Difference Self-expression & Self-Presentation?? 

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Superficial processing 

Exemplary flashcards for Social psychology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Actor - observer-bias
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Hindsight Bias 

Exemplary flashcards for Social psychology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

(fr. Degree auf Fahrrad, vorfahren genommen, yelling) 

=Correspondence Inference 

Exemplary flashcards for Social psychology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Correspondence Inference Bias 
=fundamental attribution bias 

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Primacy effect 

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A good theory.... 

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Systematic processing 

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Impressions from faces 

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How is research done? 
2
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Impression from behavior 
=attribution (zuschreibung) 

Bsp Dreiecke jagen Kreise 

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Exemplary flashcards for Social psychology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Social psychology

Difference Self-expression & Self-Presentation?? 
Yes 
Self-expression
->function of the Self/identity we'd like to present 
Form meaningful relationships 

Vs

Self-Presentation 
->in an unrealistic positive way

Social psychology

Superficial processing 
  • No or minimal effort 
  • Quick 
  • Difficult to control 
  • Not always aware 
  • Based on single/few attributes 
  • Depends on accessibility 
  • Stable judgements (conservatism) 

Social psychology

Actor - observer-bias
tendency to attribute one's own actions to external causes (situaional or unstable factors) while attributing other people's behaviors to internal (stable dispositional factors) causes

Why? 
  • We have more access to situational info
  • Higher salience of situational info 
  • Autobiographical info about one behavior in similar situations 

Social psychology

Hindsight Bias 
 The i knew it all along bias
  • If we know the result we tend to assume we would've guessed so
  • Overestimate ourselves 
  • Reduce effort 
  • Don't test our assumptions systematically, only look for confirmation 

Social psychology

(fr. Degree auf Fahrrad, vorfahren genommen, yelling) 

=Correspondence Inference 
Vom Verhalten Charaktereigenschaften ableiten 

Mostly unjustified 

Unless :
  • Behavior freely chosen 
  • Unexpected or untypisch 
  • Distinguished by few and non common effects 

Social psychology

Correspondence Inference Bias 
=fundamental attribution bias 
Fälschlicherweise Rückschlüsse vom Verhalten auf Persönlichkeit ziehen 

Quizmaster appears more knowledgeable 

Why? 
  • Lacking knowledge about situaional factors 
  • Underestimating strength by situational factors 
  • Biased expectations 
  • Failure to correct 

Social psychology

Primacy effect 

->early Information shapes 
interpretation of later information 
  • Well replicated 
  • Consumer research(Obst zuerst im Supermarkt) 
  • Effects in social media too
  • Effect influenced bs perceivers mood and thinking style 

Social psychology

A good theory.... 
... Is an integrated set of principles that explains observed events and predicts observable events.
Must be anwendbar auf Realität. 

Social psychology

Systematic processing 

  • Motivation/effort 
  • Slow 
  • Deliberative control 
  • Integration of attributes 

  • Depends on accessibility
  • Stable judgements (conservatism) 

Social psychology

Impressions from faces 
  • Identity and familiarity 
  • Category information (attractiveness, gender, race) 
  • ATTRACTIVENESS BIAS(have even higher wages) 
  • Nonverbal communication (emotion, attitudes, attention) 

Social psychology

How is research done? 
2
Correlational research 
  • Prediction unequal causation 
  • Risk of self fulfilling prophecy, placebo 
  • Always include controlled conditions! 
Experimental research (controlled environment) 
  • Manipulate/vary IV (chocolate intake) 
  • Measure DV(performance in exam) 
  • Replication! 

Social psychology

Impression from behavior 
=attribution (zuschreibung) 

Bsp Dreiecke jagen Kreise 
Why? 
  • Mastery needs (understand, control) 
  • Connectedness, pos. Self concept 
How? 
  • By inferring corresponding dispositions (traits)

->explain behavior based on traits 

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