industrial ecology at Universität Hamburg

Flashcards and summaries for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What is the Micro level of circularity?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Company (all in- / outputs)

  2. Industrial systems (entire production / consumption systems or economies)

  3. Different sectors (fashion or agriculture), materials or business types

  4. Product (groups)

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What is the Nano level of circularity?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Product (group)

  2. Company (all in- / outputs)

  3. Industrial systems (entire production / consumption systems or economies)

  4. Sectors (fashion or agriculture), materials, business types

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

Why can we never become 100% circular?

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What is the Macro level of circularity?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Industrial systems (entire production & consumption systems or economies)

  2. Different sectors (fashion or agriculture) / materials / business types

  3. Company (all materials coming in & out)

  4. Product (group)

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What is the Meso level of circularity?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Different sectors (fashion or agriculture) / materials / business types

  2. industrial systems (entire production / consumption systems or economies)

  3. Company (all in- and outputs)

  4. Product (group)

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What is the "Waste Hierarchy" about?

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What are examples of result-oriented PSS?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Hiring a taxi (outsourcing of the service)

  2. Philips pay-per-lux

  3. Circoos

  4. MUD Jeans

  5. Car Sharing services

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What are examples of circular initiatives on the Meso level?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Bakers Basco (providing bread baskets)

  2. Ecovative (grow packaging from agricultural by-products)

  3. Loop (reusable packaging platform)

  4. Sharetribe (online platform that enables sharing economy)

  5. Madaster (online platform as a library for materials)

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What are the "Big Five" Structural Wastes?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Premature End-of Life
    –> Closing loop strategies (e.g. recycling / composting)

  2. Underused particle capacity
    –> Extending loop strategies (e.g. substance cascading, downcycling, waste-to-energy)

  3. Premature End-of-Use
    –> Long life loop strategies (e.g. maintain, product durability, reconditioning, repair, refurbishment, remanufacturing)

  4. Underused product capacity

    –> Intensifying loop strategies (product cascading, alternate use, sharing, co-use)

  5. Excess or harmfull use

    –> Preventative strategies (refuse, efficiency, non-toxicity)

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What are examples of circularity initiatives on the Meso level?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Madaster

  2. Sharetribe

  3. Konecranes

  4. Steelcase

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What are the advantages of Product-Service-Systems for customers and producers?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Customers: Can significantly reduce their cost of ownership, performance secured through contract

  2. Producers: Have the knowledge for maintenance and treatment of their products, get crucial feedback from customers and can serve their needs better, increased customer loyalty, incentivized to design for performance & efficiency

Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

What are advantages of Product-Service-Systems?

Select the correct answers:

  1. Producers are incentivized to design for efficiency & performance, avoids obsolescence

  2. Producers get crucial feedback from customers and can serve their needs better

  3. Increased customer loyalty and multiple points-of-contact

  4. Customers can reduce their cost of ownership

  5. Producers know best how to maintain / treat the product

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Exemplary flashcards for industrial ecology at the Universität Hamburg on StudySmarter:

industrial ecology

What is the Micro level of circularity?

  1. Company (all in- / outputs)

  2. Industrial systems (entire production / consumption systems or economies)

  3. Different sectors (fashion or agriculture), materials or business types

  4. Product (groups)

industrial ecology

What is the Nano level of circularity?

  1. Product (group)

  2. Company (all in- / outputs)

  3. Industrial systems (entire production / consumption systems or economies)

  4. Sectors (fashion or agriculture), materials, business types

industrial ecology

Why can we never become 100% circular?

Because of thermodynamics, with every transformation a bit of energy/matter is lost.

industrial ecology

What is the Macro level of circularity?

  1. Industrial systems (entire production & consumption systems or economies)

  2. Different sectors (fashion or agriculture) / materials / business types

  3. Company (all materials coming in & out)

  4. Product (group)

industrial ecology

What is the Meso level of circularity?

  1. Different sectors (fashion or agriculture) / materials / business types

  2. industrial systems (entire production / consumption systems or economies)

  3. Company (all in- and outputs)

  4. Product (group)

industrial ecology

What is the "Waste Hierarchy" about?

Reduce use of resources as much as possible
Reuse products
Recycle

industrial ecology

What are examples of result-oriented PSS?

  1. Hiring a taxi (outsourcing of the service)

  2. Philips pay-per-lux

  3. Circoos

  4. MUD Jeans

  5. Car Sharing services

industrial ecology

What are examples of circular initiatives on the Meso level?

  1. Bakers Basco (providing bread baskets)

  2. Ecovative (grow packaging from agricultural by-products)

  3. Loop (reusable packaging platform)

  4. Sharetribe (online platform that enables sharing economy)

  5. Madaster (online platform as a library for materials)

industrial ecology

What are the "Big Five" Structural Wastes?

  1. Premature End-of Life
    –> Closing loop strategies (e.g. recycling / composting)

  2. Underused particle capacity
    –> Extending loop strategies (e.g. substance cascading, downcycling, waste-to-energy)

  3. Premature End-of-Use
    –> Long life loop strategies (e.g. maintain, product durability, reconditioning, repair, refurbishment, remanufacturing)

  4. Underused product capacity

    –> Intensifying loop strategies (product cascading, alternate use, sharing, co-use)

  5. Excess or harmfull use

    –> Preventative strategies (refuse, efficiency, non-toxicity)

industrial ecology

What are examples of circularity initiatives on the Meso level?

  1. Madaster

  2. Sharetribe

  3. Konecranes

  4. Steelcase

industrial ecology

What are the advantages of Product-Service-Systems for customers and producers?

  1. Customers: Can significantly reduce their cost of ownership, performance secured through contract

  2. Producers: Have the knowledge for maintenance and treatment of their products, get crucial feedback from customers and can serve their needs better, increased customer loyalty, incentivized to design for performance & efficiency

industrial ecology

What are advantages of Product-Service-Systems?

  1. Producers are incentivized to design for efficiency & performance, avoids obsolescence

  2. Producers get crucial feedback from customers and can serve their needs better

  3. Increased customer loyalty and multiple points-of-contact

  4. Customers can reduce their cost of ownership

  5. Producers know best how to maintain / treat the product

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