Geologie at Universität Greifswald

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Wie entstehen Basaltsäulen

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Typen Plattengrenzen

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Erdaufbau

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Erstarrungstemperatur Basalt

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Erstarrungstemperatur Granit

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Wichtige Gesteinsbildenende Minerale

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Warum hebt sich Skandinavien

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Wichtige Magmatische Gesteine

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Wichtige Metamorphe Gesteine

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Wichtige Sedimentgesteine

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Methoden zur Datierung von Gesteinen

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Prozess der Inkohlung

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Exemplary flashcards for Geologie at the Universität Greifswald on StudySmarter:

Geologie

Wie entstehen Basaltsäulen


Beim Abkühlen der Lava kommt es zum Spannungsausgleich durch Kontraktion.

Die erkaltete Lava bildet sechseckige Säulen

Geologie

Typen Plattengrenzen

  • Transformströmung ( San Andreas - Störung)
  • Subduktionszone (Tokio)
  • Spreizungszone (Reykjavik)

Geologie

Erdaufbau

  • Lithosphäre (fest)
  • Asthenosphäre (flüssig)
  • Mantel (fest)
  • äußerer Kern (flüssig)
  • innerer Kern (fest)

Geologie

Erstarrungstemperatur Basalt

1200°C

Geologie

Erstarrungstemperatur Granit

800°C

Geologie

Wichtige Gesteinsbildenende Minerale

  • Olivin
  • Pyroxen
  • Plakioglas
  • Quarz
  • Glimmer
  • Kalifeldspat

Geologie

Warum hebt sich Skandinavien

Auf Grund der Isostasie hebt sich Skandinavien heute. Seit dem Schmelzen der Gletscher
hebt es sich wegen seiner gesunkenen Gesamtmasse / Herstellung des Gleichgewichtes zur
Lithosphäre/ Asthenosphäre

Geologie

Wichtige Magmatische Gesteine

Granodiorit, Basalt, Andesit,
Lherzolit, Syenit

Geologie

Wichtige Metamorphe Gesteine

Gneis, Glaukophanschiefer,
Amphibolit, Granulit,
Knotenschiefer, Quarzit

Geologie

Wichtige Sedimentgesteine

Sandstein, Kieselgur,
Grauwacke, Radiolarit,
Kalkmergel

Geologie

Methoden zur Datierung von Gesteinen

  • Dendrochronologie (Altersringe von Bäumen)
  • Magnetostratigraphie (Metallionen
    Ausrichtung zum Pol bei Abkühlung)
  • Leitfossilien

Geologie

Prozess der Inkohlung

  1. Holz als Ausgangsmaterial
  2. Weißtorf
  3. Schwarztorf
  4. Braunkohe
  5. Steinkohle
  6. Anthrazitkohle

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Mein erstes Fach

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