Waldbau H. at Universität Göttingen

Flashcards and summaries for Waldbau H. at the Universität Göttingen

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Waldbau H. at the Universität Göttingen

Exemplary flashcards for Waldbau H. at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Was begrenzt Wald? (Walgrenze)

Exemplary flashcards for Waldbau H. at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Warum ist die Höhengrenze in den Alpen ≠ der klimatischen Linie?

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Das Waldgrenzökoton
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Exemplary flashcards for Waldbau H. at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Nival/Nivale Zone

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Baumartgrenze/Artarealgrenze

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Höhenlage der Baumgrenze (Global)

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Baumgrenze (Temperatur)
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Exemplary flashcards for Waldbau H. at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Warum wächst bei niedriger Temperatur nichts mehr?

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Untere Temperaturgrenze des Pflanzenwachstums?

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Warum wachsen Gräser etc. noch in höheren Lagen als Bäume?

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Höhe der alpinen/polaren Baumgrenze (Meter)
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Exemplary flashcards for Waldbau H. at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Alpine/polare Baumgrenze—> Art der Grenze

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Exemplary flashcards for Waldbau H. at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Waldbau H.

Was begrenzt Wald? (Walgrenze)
Gewässer
Temperatur (Norden, Süden, Höhe)
Niederschlag (Steppen, Wüsten)
Boden (Salzgehalt, Skelettgehalt)

Waldbau H.

Warum ist die Höhengrenze in den Alpen ≠ der klimatischen Linie?
Fragmentation durch: 
Lawinen
Viehhaltung 

Waldbau H.

Das Waldgrenzökoton
Ökoton = Übergang zwischen Vegetationsformen
Hier: Waldgrenze

Waldbau H.

Nival/Nivale Zone
nivis = lat. Schnee

Waldbau H.

Baumartgrenze/Artarealgrenze
Ausbreitungsgrenze bis zu der Individuen einer Baumart vorkommen 

Waldbau H.

Höhenlage der Baumgrenze (Global)
Variiert, je kleiner die Geografische Breite, desto höher liegt die Baumgrenze.
Aber Massenerhebungseffekt, deshalb nicht für Tropen gültig.

Waldbau H.

Baumgrenze (Temperatur)
In der Wachstumsperiode
Mindestens 3 Monate 
Mindestens 6,4 Grad

Waldbau H.

Warum wächst bei niedriger Temperatur nichts mehr?
Wachstum: Die Zellverdopplungsdauer nimmt exponentiell mit der Temperatur ab.

Photosynthese ist nicht stark beeinträchtigt.

Waldbau H.

Untere Temperaturgrenze des Pflanzenwachstums?
5 bis 6 Grad Celsius 

Waldbau H.

Warum wachsen Gräser etc. noch in höheren Lagen als Bäume?
Sie nutzen die Wärme der Bodennahen Luftschicht.

Waldbau H.

Höhe der alpinen/polaren Baumgrenze (Meter)
0 ü. NN im Norden bis 4800 in Subtropen

Waldbau H.

Alpine/polare Baumgrenze—> Art der Grenze
Lebensformgrenze

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Waldbaugrundlagen

Waldbau

Waldbau

waldbau i

Land- und Waldbau / Wildhege

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