Infectous Diseases And Vaccines at Universität Für Bodenkultur Wien | Flashcards & Summaries

Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Log In Start studying!

Lernmaterialien für Infectous Diseases and Vaccines an der Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Infectous Diseases and Vaccines Kurs an der Universität für Bodenkultur Wien zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN

When did we manage to eradicate smallpox?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

1980

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Name 4 Classes of prokaryotic pathogens!

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Chlamydiae
  • Rickettsiae
  • Mycoplasmas
  • Classic bacteria
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Name a few "resistance factors"!

Who has them?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • age
  • nutrition (how well fed)
  • climate
  • vaccination status
  • status of immune system
Not the pathogen, but the human!
Factors that decide, if a human will get sick after exposure to pathogen.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What would be a cellular test for HIV?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The CD4+/CD8+ quotient, giving information about the ratio of the lymphocytes. If there are few CD4+ ->  same as CD8+ or even less (usually double) -> HIV could be the reason

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Name the professional APCs!

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

B cells

Macrophages

Dendritic cells

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the tuberculin test and how does it work?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The tuberculin test (now, mendel Mantoux test) is an in Vivo test for the presence of sensibilized T-lymphocytes

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Name 7 methods for pathogen identificaiton!

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. Microscopy
  2. Classic cultivation on media
  3. PCR/TR-PCR
  4. Antibody-Antigen interactions
  5. MS-fingerprinting
  6. In situ hybridizaiton
  7. Animal infection experiments
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Colonization of bacteria. -> what means?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Microorganisms "colonize" commensally live on e.g. skin or mucosa on the human body, no penetration.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Mortality vs. Lethality

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Mortality: Probability to die of a certain disease: The number of deceased divided by the threatened population.

Lethality: Deaths per infected person *100 (e.g. 10%)

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Give a few rough examples, how pathogens confer their toxicity!

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Toxicity -> tissue damage


  • Intracellular parasites: damage the host cells upon reproduciton, viruses and clamydiae
  • Some bacteria produce damaging enzymes
  • Toxins formed by bacteria might form pores in membrane -> lysis
  • Toxins might interact as transcription factors -> cholera toxin
  • Toxins might interact at the neurological synapse, as agonists or antagonists, affecting the neuronal transmission
  • Endotoxins (LPS) are a structural part of Gram- Bacteria, are released upon death of bacteria.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Apart from the T-cells, what other cells are regarded as part of the cellular response?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Neutrophils
  • Eosinophils
  • Basophils
  • Mast cell
  • Nk cells
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What does CD in e.g. CD8+ stand for?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Cluster of differentiation

Lösung ausblenden
  • 71003 Karteikarten
  • 1669 Studierende
  • 26 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Infectous Diseases and Vaccines Kurs an der Universität für Bodenkultur Wien - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

When did we manage to eradicate smallpox?

A:

1980

Q:

Name 4 Classes of prokaryotic pathogens!

A:
  • Chlamydiae
  • Rickettsiae
  • Mycoplasmas
  • Classic bacteria
Q:

Name a few "resistance factors"!

Who has them?

A:
  • age
  • nutrition (how well fed)
  • climate
  • vaccination status
  • status of immune system
Not the pathogen, but the human!
Factors that decide, if a human will get sick after exposure to pathogen.
Q:

What would be a cellular test for HIV?

A:

The CD4+/CD8+ quotient, giving information about the ratio of the lymphocytes. If there are few CD4+ ->  same as CD8+ or even less (usually double) -> HIV could be the reason

Q:

Name the professional APCs!

A:

B cells

Macrophages

Dendritic cells

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is the tuberculin test and how does it work?

A:

The tuberculin test (now, mendel Mantoux test) is an in Vivo test for the presence of sensibilized T-lymphocytes

Q:

Name 7 methods for pathogen identificaiton!

A:
  1. Microscopy
  2. Classic cultivation on media
  3. PCR/TR-PCR
  4. Antibody-Antigen interactions
  5. MS-fingerprinting
  6. In situ hybridizaiton
  7. Animal infection experiments
Q:

Colonization of bacteria. -> what means?

A:

Microorganisms "colonize" commensally live on e.g. skin or mucosa on the human body, no penetration.

Q:

Mortality vs. Lethality

A:

Mortality: Probability to die of a certain disease: The number of deceased divided by the threatened population.

Lethality: Deaths per infected person *100 (e.g. 10%)

Q:

Give a few rough examples, how pathogens confer their toxicity!

A:

Toxicity -> tissue damage


  • Intracellular parasites: damage the host cells upon reproduciton, viruses and clamydiae
  • Some bacteria produce damaging enzymes
  • Toxins formed by bacteria might form pores in membrane -> lysis
  • Toxins might interact as transcription factors -> cholera toxin
  • Toxins might interact at the neurological synapse, as agonists or antagonists, affecting the neuronal transmission
  • Endotoxins (LPS) are a structural part of Gram- Bacteria, are released upon death of bacteria.
Q:

Apart from the T-cells, what other cells are regarded as part of the cellular response?

A:
  • Neutrophils
  • Eosinophils
  • Basophils
  • Mast cell
  • Nk cells
Q:

What does CD in e.g. CD8+ stand for?

A:

Cluster of differentiation

Infectous Diseases and Vaccines

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Das sind die beliebtesten Infectous Diseases and Vaccines Kurse im gesamten StudySmarter Universum

BIO infectious diseases - lab 1-4

Camosun College

Zum Kurs
infectious diseases

The Manchester Metropolitan University

Zum Kurs
BIO infectious diseases - lab 5-8b

Camosun College

Zum Kurs
Internal Non Infectious Diseases

Trakia University Stara Zagora

Zum Kurs
Infectious Diseases : Block 4B

University of Pretoria

Zum Kurs

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden Infectous Diseases and Vaccines
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen Infectous Diseases and Vaccines