Applied Virology at Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

Flashcards and summaries for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

What can Plant viruses can be transmitted by?

Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

What was one of the first methods to get rid of a plant virus -> get a virus free plant?

Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

What name can the virus particle be given based on its molecular composition? A protein? A Nucleic acid?

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Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

Which parts of a virus are critical end can be sufficient for infection?

Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

How does the TMV move through the infected plant?

Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

What makes a virus "well adapted"?

Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

What is the most important route of plant virus transmission?

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Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

What means "stylet borne", when it comes to plant viruses? Why is this form of transmission "non-persistent"?

Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

What is the "acquisition feed"?

(insect-plant relation)

Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

With insects that are able to transmitt persistent transmission or circulative transmission, where does the virus stay?

Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

What are 4 of the tools that are used in a regulatory manner to control plant virus diseases?

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Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

What is the basis of the Dot blot?

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Exemplary flashcards for Applied Virology at the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien on StudySmarter:

Applied Virology

What can Plant viruses can be transmitted by?

  • Insects
  • Plant sap
  • Nematodes
  • Fungi
  • Injury

Applied Virology

What was one of the first methods to get rid of a plant virus -> get a virus free plant?

By meristem culture.

Applied Virology

What name can the virus particle be given based on its molecular composition? A protein? A Nucleic acid?

It is a nucleoprotein.

Applied Virology

Which parts of a virus are critical end can be sufficient for infection?

Only the genome!

Applied Virology

How does the TMV move through the infected plant?

  • Cell-to-cell
    • Though plasmodesmata
    • Multiplies in parenchyma
  • Long distance movement
    • Through ploem, then re-enters the parenchyma cells

Applied Virology

What makes a virus "well adapted"?

That it deos not show any symptoms.

Applied Virology

What is the most important route of plant virus transmission?

Insect transmission

Applied Virology

What means "stylet borne", when it comes to plant viruses? Why is this form of transmission "non-persistent"?

It means, that the virus is carried over by the stylets, the chewing tools of the insect. Because this contamination is very superficial and the virus does not use the insect as a host, the contamination is rather transient and is not "persistent"

Applied Virology

What is the "acquisition feed"?

(insect-plant relation)

The aquisition feed is the process of an uncontaminated insect feeding on an infected plant (aquires the virus)

Applied Virology

With insects that are able to transmitt persistent transmission or circulative transmission, where does the virus stay?

It enters the salivary glands and is transmitted via the saliva.

Applied Virology

What are 4 of the tools that are used in a regulatory manner to control plant virus diseases?

  • Quarantines and inspections
  • Crop certifications
  • Avoidance of pathogen or evasion
  • Use of pathogen-free propagation material

Applied Virology

What is the basis of the Dot blot?

The dot blot is basically a hybridization technique that uses radiolabeled probes to bind the complementary ssDNA (melted before)-> e.g. potentially present viral DNA in plant sap.

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