Phonetics and Phonology at Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Phonetics and Phonology at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

Exemplary flashcards for Phonetics and Phonology at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What branches of phonology are there? 

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What is segmental phonology dealing with? 

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What is suprasegmental phonology dealing with? 

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Name 3 processes of connecting speech. 

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What types of assimilation are there? 

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What is phonology concerned with?

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What is phonetics concerned with?

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Define a phoneme.

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Define a phone.

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Define an allophone.

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What types of non-contrastive distribution are there?

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What is an accent and what is RP?

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Exemplary flashcards for Phonetics and Phonology at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Phonetics and Phonology

What branches of phonology are there? 
Segmental
Suprasegmental

Phonetics and Phonology

What is segmental phonology dealing with? 
- segmentation into smallest units of sounds and their function
- poses the phoneme inventory of a language
- possible combinations of sounds on the syllable level
- morphophonemics & allophonic variation 

Phonetics and Phonology

What is suprasegmental phonology dealing with? 
- spans over more than one segment
- rhythm
- intonation
- stress assignment
- processes of connected speech 

Phonetics and Phonology

Name 3 processes of connecting speech. 
- reduction
- linking
- assimilation

Phonetics and Phonology

What types of assimilation are there? 
- regressive / anticipatory A<-B
- progressive A->B
- mutual A<->B

10 🐷🐷 at Church Street. 

Phonetics and Phonology

What is phonology concerned with?
- sound system of a specific language
- abstract focus on langue & competence
- phonemes and meaning-distinction
- function of sounds

Phonetics and Phonology

What is phonetics concerned with?
- speech sounds, not language-specific
- concrete, realization of actual sounds in communiction, parole & perfromance
- phones and allophones
- characterization & classification of speech sounds

Phonetics and Phonology

Define a phoneme.
smallest meaning-distinguishing unit in the sound system of a specific language

Phonetics and Phonology

Define a phone.
smallest sound unit in speech, which is produced by an individual speaker

Phonetics and Phonology

Define an allophone.
- variant realization of a phoneme
- occurs in either complementary distribution or free variation
- does not distinguish meaning, interchangeable with allophones of the same phoneme

Phonetics and Phonology

What types of non-contrastive distribution are there?
free variation
complementary distribution

Phonetics and Phonology

What is an accent and what is RP?
- the way a variety is pronounced
- most prestigious accent of Standard British English

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