Phonetics and Phonology at Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

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What are the synchronic rules for stress assignment in Eng & Ger trisyllabic monomorphemic words ?

Exemplary flashcards for Phonetics and Phonology at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What are the three most important cases of morphophonemically determined allophonic variation?

Exemplary flashcards for Phonetics and Phonology at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What are the three distinctive features of consonants?
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Exemplary flashcards for Phonetics and Phonology at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Name 3 processes of connecting speech. 

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What happens in incomlete neutralization?

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Define a phoneme.

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Why is English orthography so problematic?
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Exemplary flashcards for Phonetics and Phonology at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What is phonetics concerned with?

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What is an accent and what is RP?

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What types of non-contrastive distribution are there?

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What is phonology concerned with?
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Define an allophone.

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Exemplary flashcards for Phonetics and Phonology at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Phonetics and Phonology

What are the synchronic rules for stress assignment in Eng & Ger trisyllabic monomorphemic words ?
- in Eng: have to be learned, highly intransparent
- in Ger: diachronic linguistics must be taken into account

Phonetics and Phonology

What are the three most important cases of morphophonemically determined allophonic variation?
- /s/ as morphemes of {plural}, {possesive} or {3rd person singular}
- /d/ as morpheme of {past tense} or {past participle}
- letter sequence <ng>

Phonetics and Phonology

What are the three distinctive features of consonants?
manner
place
intensity of articulation

Phonetics and Phonology

Name 3 processes of connecting speech. 
- reduction
- linking
- assimilation

Phonetics and Phonology

What happens in incomlete neutralization?
- phonemes 1 and 2 remain distinctive
- but their surroundings adapt

Phonetics and Phonology

Define a phoneme.
smallest meaning-distinguishing unit in the sound system of a specific language

Phonetics and Phonology

Why is English orthography so problematic?
- inconsistent relation between speech sounds and letters
- complex p2g conversion in spelling and g2p conversion in reading aloud (=blending)
- many letter-to-sound rules
- diachronic explanation: vast amount of borrowings

Phonetics and Phonology

What is phonetics concerned with?
- speech sounds, not language-specific
- concrete, realization of actual sounds in communiction, parole & perfromance
- phones and allophones
- characterization & classification of speech sounds

Phonetics and Phonology

What is an accent and what is RP?
- the way a variety is pronounced
- most prestigious accent of Standard British English

Phonetics and Phonology

What types of non-contrastive distribution are there?
free variation
complementary distribution

Phonetics and Phonology

What is phonology concerned with?
- sound system of a specific language
- abstract focus on langue & competence
- phonemes and meaning-distinction
- function of sounds

Phonetics and Phonology

Define an allophone.
- variant realization of a phoneme
- occurs in either complementary distribution or free variation
- does not distinguish meaning, interchangeable with allophones of the same phoneme

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