Introductions To Linguistics at Universität Freiburg Im Breisgau | Flashcards & Summaries

Introductions to Linguistics at Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

Flashcards and summaries for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

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Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Write the phonetic symbol for the last sound in each word.


a. wires              

b. following          

c. baked  

d. language          

e. catch             

f. filth 

g. moth              

h. mash            

 i. mix 

Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Which one doesn't belong?

/f, p, n, v, b, θ/ 

Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Would a linguist say: You shall not split infinitives

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Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Would a linguist say: African american vernacular is a simpler form of English

Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Varieties vs. Standard

Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Would a linguist say: OVS is a very basic word order int he world's languages

Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What branches Linguistics are there?

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Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Would a linguist say: 

                                               

Oh, I don't speak a second language, only English.

                                       

Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What does this mean...


.. English as a native language.

Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What does this mean...


... English a a second/official language

Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What does this mean...


... English as a foreign/institutional language

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Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Prescrptivism vs. Descriptivism

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Exemplary flashcards for Introductions to Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Introductions to Linguistics

Write the phonetic symbol for the last sound in each word.


a. wires              

b. following          

c. baked  

d. language          

e. catch             

f. filth 

g. moth              

h. mash            

 i. mix 

a. wires z             

b. following ŋ         

c. baked t 

d. language dʒ         

e. catch tʃ             

f. filth θ 

g. moth θ             

h. mash ʃ             

i. mix s

Introductions to Linguistics

Which one doesn't belong?

/f, p, n, v, b, θ/ 

n


n = nasal sound

the rest is an oral sound

Introductions to Linguistics

Would a linguist say: You shall not split infinitives

--> NO ! Only a prescriptivist would say that



Introductions to Linguistics

Would a linguist say: African american vernacular is a simpler form of English

--> NO


No hierachy between languages and different varieties. 

AAVE is not a broken/simpler English, it is one of the many varieties of English.

Introductions to Linguistics

Varieties vs. Standard

A standard was chosen due to historical developments and power structures, but it is still a variety.


All varieties habe complex grammar and their own lexicon, they can stand on their own.

Introductions to Linguistics

Would a linguist say: OVS is a very basic word order int he world's languages

--> YES!


It can be proven empirically -> comparison of the world's languages: It's a rare phenomenom compared to SVO.

Introductions to Linguistics

What branches Linguistics are there?

> historical linguistcis

> linguistics ethnological fieldwork

> psycholinguistics

> computational linguistics

> nerurollinguistics and speech therapy 

> forensic linguistics (law)

Introductions to Linguistics

Would a linguist say: 

                                               

Oh, I don't speak a second language, only English.

                                       

NO


Linguist = someone who studies language (goal = understand not acquire) vs. polyglot = someone who speaks/acquires several languages. Linguists and learners of a language are different things.


Introductions to Linguistics

What does this mean...


.. English as a native language.

English is the native language of the majority of the population of a state/community.


ex. USA, UK Australia

Introductions to Linguistics

What does this mean...


... English a a second/official language

Not spoken as the native language but serves important functions in the nation/community.


ex. India, South Africa, Nigeria...

Introductions to Linguistics

What does this mean...


... English as a foreign/institutional language

Important foregn language but does not serve any central functions int he country.


ex. Germany, France.

Introductions to Linguistics

Prescrptivism vs. Descriptivism

perscriptivism: grammer books/ teachers at high school


descripitivism: linguistis = observation of language without judging



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