History of English at Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

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Exemplary flashcards for History of English at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

When die the Middle English Period take place?

Exemplary flashcards for History of English at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

When did the Early Modern English Period take place?

Exemplary flashcards for History of English at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What are typical OE sound shifts?  

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What were the four dialects of OE?

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What could be called the first written standard of OE?

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When did the Late Modern English Period take place?

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Briefly explain the OE Second Consonant Shift.

Exemplary flashcards for History of English at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

What are ongoing phonological changes in present-day RP?

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Which stage of the English language can be desribed as analytical aready?

Exemplary flashcards for History of English at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

How is the OE grammatical system called?

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What are grammatical changes going on in present-day English?

Exemplary flashcards for History of English at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

When did the SVO-order start to emerge approximately?

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Exemplary flashcards for History of English at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

History of English

When die the Middle English Period take place?
~ 1066 - 1476

History of English

When did the Early Modern English Period take place?
1500 - 1750
- introduction of printing press 1476, Reformation 1517, King James Bible 1611, Restoration of monarchy 1660
- cultural prosperity, increase of literacy & greater social mobility

History of English

What are typical OE sound shifts?  
Germanic /ei/ -> /a/
e.g. Bein - bān
Germanic /au/ -> /ea:/
e.g. Traum - drėam,
First Consonant Shift / Grimm‘s law
e.g. piscis -> fish
Second / High German Consonant Shift
ship -> Schiff

History of English

What were the four dialects of OE?
Northumbrian
Kentish
Mercian
West Saxon

History of English

What could be called the first written standard of OE?
West Saxon

History of English

When did the Late Modern English Period take place?
1700 - 1900
- Restoration of Monarchy in 1660, French Revolution 1789 & WWI until 1918

History of English

Briefly explain the OE Second Consonant Shift.
High German Consonant Shift
p -> ff / pf
t -> zz / tz
b -> p, p -> d, d -> t
g -> k, k -> ch/ hh

e.g.
ten - zehn
water - Wasser
open - offen
book - Buch

History of English

What are ongoing phonological changes in present-day RP?
- smoothing of diphthongs/ triphthongs, e.g. fire 🔥 vs. far 🔜
- /ju:/ replaces /u:/, e.g. super👍🏻
- growing use of intrusive /r/ ®️
- increased glottal stop realization of /t/🥞
The fire was far away, which was super, because the other butter didn’t melt.

History of English

Which stage of the English language can be desribed as analytical aready?
OE

History of English

How is the OE grammatical system called?
synthetic

History of English

What are grammatical changes going on in present-day English?
- decline of 'whom'
- 'less' replaces 'fewer'
- singular use of 'they'
- increased use of 'going-to'-future
😵They were going to replace fewer. 😱

History of English

When did the SVO-order start to emerge approximately?
~1200

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