linguistics II at Universität Duisburg-Essen

Flashcards and summaries for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen

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Exemplary flashcards for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Where was English solely spoken till 1580?

Exemplary flashcards for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Where happened after the late sixteenth century b.c ? 

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What changes in languages?
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Exemplary flashcards for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

What are Cognates and why are they important for Linguistics?

Exemplary flashcards for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Which people helped transform old English to middle English?

Exemplary flashcards for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

What types of meaning changes exist?

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Name the 3 speech act components
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Exemplary flashcards for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

What is pragmatics?

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What are historical pragmatics?

Exemplary flashcards for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

middle english
What kind of language was french

Who spoke it

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Which languages were many additions from in middle english?
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Exemplary flashcards for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Whats descriptive and prescriptive grammar?

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Exemplary flashcards for linguistics II at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

linguistics II

Where was English solely spoken till 1580?
British Isles: England, south Eastern Scotland and some parts of western Ireland) 

linguistics II

Where happened after the late sixteenth century b.c ? 
Colonialisation started -> Global diffusion

English is now one of the world's major lingua franca in the world's most wide-spread language

linguistics II

What changes in languages?
Phonology, morphology Syntax semantics and pragmatics

linguistics II

What are Cognates and why are they important for Linguistics?
Cognates:​ world of similar structure of similar or identical meanings in the various IE languages ​​​
-> suggesting that words descended from a common ancestor

linguistics II

Which people helped transform old English to middle English?
  1. Celts
  2. Romans
  3. Germanic tribes
  4. Vikings
  5. Normans

linguistics II

What types of meaning changes exist?
  • Intensification
  • Weakening
  • Narrowing
  • Extension
  • Pejoration
  • Amelioration

linguistics II

Name the 3 speech act components
Illucutionary acr: speech intention
Locutionary act: actual wording
Perlocutionary act: communicative effect

linguistics II

What is pragmatics?
Studies choices of speakers and writers, facors such as intention and effect of them

linguistics II

What are historical pragmatics?
Studies language use in past contexts, how meaning is made, focuses on authentic language use in the past

linguistics II

middle english
What kind of language was french

Who spoke it
Lang. Of governung classes

Upper classes

linguistics II

Which languages were many additions from in middle english?
French, latin

linguistics II

Whats descriptive and prescriptive grammar?
Descriptive: describe
Prescriptive: rules

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Linguistiv

Linguistik

Linguistics

Linguistics

Linguistics

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