Linguistic at Universität Duisburg-Essen

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What are phonemes? 

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Narrowing

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Main differences between an analytic and synthetic language? 
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Beginning of the Old English

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Statements concerning pragmatic changes 

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What are the main mechanisms of grammatical change ? 

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Acronym
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A phoneme or rule is modified in a subset of lexicon, and spreads gradually to other lexical items 

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Clipping 

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Analytic language 

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Analytic languague 

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistic at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Structuralism

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistic at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Linguistic

What are phonemes? 
They are the smallest meaning distinguishing unit. 

Linguistic

Narrowing

Wir Woman - married woman

Linguistic

Main differences between an analytic and synthetic language? 
Synthetic languages rely more on inflections 

Linguistic

Beginning of the Old English

5th Century known as starting point of English Language due to Angles, Saxons, Jules, Danes and Frisians due to colonialism

Linguistic

Statements concerning pragmatic changes 
Contemporary British society values individuality and personal freedom, which is why indirect commissions are on the rise.
Newspapers reporting has historically been relying on letter writers
Today, in comparison to the 16th Century, informality increased and affection is stronger emphasised. 

Linguistic

What are the main mechanisms of grammatical change ? 
Analogy 

Linguistic

Acronym
Letters standing for a lot more 
Like in UNO or PETA

Linguistic

A phoneme or rule is modified in a subset of lexicon, and spreads gradually to other lexical items 
Lexical diffusion 

Linguistic

Clipping 
Word clipping 
Influenza - flu 
Front and back clipping 

Linguistic

Analytic language 
Modern English 
German 

Linguistic

Analytic languague 

Word oder becomes more important, grammatical relationship express with the function word 

Linguistic

Structuralism

Ferdinand saussure - Functional linguist

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