wisniewski terms at Universität Düsseldorf

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Conceptual combination

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Benefit of conceptual combination

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Property mapping 

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Relation linking 

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Other 

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(Representation) Construals 

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Crucial aspect to conceptual combination 

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Experiment 1: what, why, how

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Experiment 1: results 

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Experiment 2: why, what, how?

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Experiment 2: prediction 2

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Experiment 2: general prediction 

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Exemplary flashcards for wisniewski terms at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

wisniewski terms

Conceptual combination
- accessing 2 or more concepts and determining how they fit together to form new concept 
- e.g. elephant tie = combine meaning of two concepts into one 

wisniewski terms

Benefit of conceptual combination
- Natural way to extend a language 

wisniewski terms

Property mapping 
People attribute to head concept one or more properties of modifier concept 
-> e.g. box clock = Square clock: shape of Box (it’s property) is being asserted of clock 
- more extreme Version: hybrids 
- many properties of modifier are applied to head noun => resulting combination: hybrid 
-> e.g. moose elephant = very large heavy creature that shared properties of both concepts/animals 

wisniewski terms

Relation linking 
Interpretation of noun combination involved a relation between the two objects 
-> e.g. ladder box = box that holds ladders 

wisniewski terms

Other 
Interpretations that did not fit relation linking, property mapping, hybrids 
-> vague meanings were given instead 

wisniewski terms

(Representation) Construals 
- type of relation linking 
- the person construed the modifier noun as referring to part of the object named by the head noun 
- indicated concepts 
- e.g. tiger chair = chair made of tiger skin 

wisniewski terms

Crucial aspect to conceptual combination 
The more similar head concept and modifier concept, the more likely head concept will share dependencies of modifier 

wisniewski terms

Experiment 1: what, why, how

- How people interpret novel combinations overall 

- provided large number nif nn combinations of 2 dimensions 

a) artifact/animal

b) count/substance

- head + modifier were varied --> more combinations 


wisniewski terms

Experiment 1: results 

- most participants used relation linking! (53%) --> noun construals 51%

- property mapping: 41%

- hybrids: 1%

- other: 5%

wisniewski terms

Experiment 2: why, what, how?

- under which conditions are relation linking + property mapping most likely to occur?

- 2 predictions 

- provided nn combinations that were either highly similar/highly dissimilar --> (e.g. apartment hotel vs. apartment piano)

- 1 restraint: combinations had to be from same ontological category 


wisniewski terms

Experiment 2: prediction 2

- property mapping is carried out by comparison process!

- people compare head + modifier to find a difference --> base for PM

- high similarity allows to find corresponding differences more easily (paradox)

- e.g. 'pencil rake': dissimilarity: width

--> 'thin rake' (property of pencil adapted to rake)


wisniewski terms

Experiment 2: general prediction 

- similar concepts should result in more property mapping!

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