Semantics 4 at Universität Düsseldorf

Flashcards and summaries for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf

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deictic expressions 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

deictic centre 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

person deixis 

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

discourse roles 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

definiteness

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

definiteness of PPs

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

anaphoric expression 

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

antecedent 

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meaning/function of possessive pronouns 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

possessor 

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possessum 

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deixis

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 4 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Semantics 4

deictic expressions 

expressions/words that point to the time, place, situation the speaker is referrring to 

--> establishing reference 

--> tense, PPs, demonstratives, adverbs 

Semantics 4

deictic centre 

- reference point: how an expression is to be interpreted 

- formed by the speaker: sets utterance into certain context in certain time 

Semantics 4

person deixis 

concerns the persons involved in an utterance

--> people take discourse roles during communication 

Semantics 4

discourse roles 

- speaker (S): 1st person 

- Adressee (A): 2nd person 

- other: 3rd person 

Semantics 4

definiteness

- semantic feature of NPs

- definite NPs: referents/entities are identifiable in given CoU

- indefinite NPs: referents/entities are not identifiable in given CoU


Semantics 4

definiteness of PPs

always definite!!

--> always refer to specific person/group 

Semantics 4

anaphoric expression 

- reference to sth. that has been mentioned in the context before 

- Bill wanted to go. He took his car. 

- w/o specification of context before, the second sentence would not be understood by the adressee(s)

Semantics 4

antecedent 

- the referent mentioned that is then substituted by an anaphoric expression 

--> Bill wanted to go. He took his car. 

--> w/o antecedent, second sentence will not be understood due to lack of desriptive meaning of 3rd PPs

Semantics 4

meaning/function of possessive pronouns 

- indicate ownership 

--> my, yours, his, hers, its, our, their, etc. 

Semantics 4

possessor 

- the entity indicated by the pronoun

--> My phone is cool. 

--> my = speaker = possessor 

Semantics 4

possessum 

- entity that belongs to the possessor 

--> My phone is cool

Semantics 4

deixis

the phenomenon that one needs contextual information to interpret certain words and phrases 

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