Semantics 3 at Universität Düsseldorf

Flashcards and summaries for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

lexeme 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

constitutive properties of lexemes that define them 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

composite lexemes

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

idioms

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

grammatical categories 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

person

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

tense 

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

aspect 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

homonymy 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

total homonymy 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

partial homonymy 

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

ambiguity 

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 3 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Semantics 3

lexeme 

- the basic meaning of a word, stripped off any inflectional endings 

-  carry lexical meaning 

- lexeme: RUN --> runs, ran, running (are all forms of the lexeme run)

Semantics 3

constitutive properties of lexemes that define them 

- sound form + spelling 

- grammatical category (N, V, A, etc.)

- inherent grammatical properties (e.g. gender, etc.)

- grammatical forms it may take, particularily irregular forms

- lexical meaning 

Semantics 3

composite lexemes

comprised of two or more lexemes 

--> are'nt predictable from the inidvidual lexemes nor from any combination rule (when hearing the term for the first time)

Semantics 3

idioms

- example of composite lexeme

- means something else than the words the expression is made of 

--> lexicalized (have specific meaning when in combination)

--> e.g. throw in the towel = giving up on sth. 

Semantics 3

grammatical categories 

- classification for lexemes 

- groups based on equal grammatical behavior

Semantics 3

person

- 1st/2nd/3rd person 

--> 3rd person -s 

Semantics 3

tense 

verbs can inflect according to the tense they should represent 

Semantics 3

aspect 

- a verb can be inflected to different aspects 

1) perfective: describes a completed event 

2) imperfective: desrcibes situation with no clear end; ususally -ing inflection 

Semantics 3

homonymy 

two lexemes having the same form but unrelated meanings 

--> e.g. bank (dt: bank zum sitzen, bank für geld) 

Semantics 3

total homonymy 

2 different lexemes: same sound from + same written form, unrelated meanings 

Semantics 3

partial homonymy 

2 different lexemes that don't coincide in all of their orthographic/sound  properties

-> either Same spelling or Same sound forms 

--> e.g. same base form but different inflections 


Semantics 3

ambiguity 

when word/sentence can be interpreted in more than one way 

--> further specification on context is needed 

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