Semantics 2 at Universität Düsseldorf

Flashcards and summaries for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

concept 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

descriptive meaning 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

situation referred to 

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

what does the meaning of a sentence provide?

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

truth conditions/value 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

social meaning 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

honorifics

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

expressives

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interjections 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

swear words 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

expressive meaning 

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connotations 

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics 2 at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Semantics 2

concept 

the mental description of an entity that is stored in our minds 

--> makes us able to understand and ascribe meaning to a word 

- a word can only be considered established if its concept is the same in the minds of most people 

Semantics 2

descriptive meaning 

- also: prepositional  meaning 

- based on reference and truth 

- concerns the relationship between an expression and its Denotation 

Semantics 2

situation referred to 

- meaning of an utterance is context dependent --> reference must be fixed in order to interpret a sentence correctly (this is the situation referred to)

Semantics 2

what does the meaning of a sentence provide?

a mental description of a certain situation 

Semantics 2

truth conditions/value 

the conditions under which a sentence is true 

-->  measurement of truth value (true or false) highly dependent on context 

Semantics 2

social meaning 

- language dependent

- certain expressions imply certain relationships between one another

- rules for social interaction determine social meaning 

--> e.g. Du = refers to a person you know well --> close social relationship 

Semantics 2

honorifics

expressions used to show respect in social relationship 

--> mr., mrs., sir, etc. 

Semantics 2

expressives

words that denote subjective sensations, emotions, affections, evaluations, etc. 

Semantics 2

interjections 

- e.g. 'ouch', 'wow', etc. 

- have expressive meaning 

- can create whole utterances 

- different meanings in different languages 

Semantics 2

swear words 

- drastic expressives; non - descriptive 

- make no addition to propostional content 

- descriptive meaning is added when adding a PP/referent 

Semantics 2

expressive meaning 

- governed by criteria of subjective appropriateness 

- expressionj of personal feelings 

- some social boundaries but not as fatal if broken as concerning social meaning 

Semantics 2

connotations 

- further associations when hearing a term (additional concept being in cohesion with the concept talked about) 

- connotations can be positive or negative: e.g. blue = color, connotation: sadness 

- connotations of a word can change, even if  meaning stays the same 

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