Linguistik at Universität Düsseldorf

Flashcards and summaries for Linguistik at the Universität Düsseldorf

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Linguistik at the Universität Düsseldorf

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Phonetics

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Phonology

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Syntax

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Semantics 

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Pragmatics

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Morpheme 

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Morphological complexity 

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Types of morphemes 

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Free morpheme 

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Bound morpheme 

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English plural 

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Unique morpheme 

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Linguistik

Phonetics
Concerned with speech sounds 

Linguistik

Phonology
Study of the abstract categories that Organise the sound system of a language 

Linguistik

Syntax
Concerned with structure of sentences 

Linguistik

Semantics 
Focus on the meaning of linguistic expressions 

Linguistik

Pragmatics
Deals with how speakers use language to accomplish certain communicative intentions 

Linguistik

Morpheme 
The smallest meaningful units in language
e.g. swimmer
swim would be the morpheme 

Linguistik

Morphological complexity 
Simplex words consist of one morpheme, complex words consist of several morphemes 

Linguistik

Types of morphemes 
Root: aka Stem, the irreducible core of a word , carrying the words principal meaning
Affix: morphemes which attach to roots or bases
Base: any form to which affixes are attached (can be roots or root+affix combinations) 

Linguistik

Free morpheme 
Occurs independently 

Linguistik

Bound morpheme 
Have to occur with other morpheme, typically affixes 

Linguistik

English plural 
Can take different forms
The {PLURAL} morpheme has different allomorphs
Some allomorphs: phonologically conditioned 
Some are lexically conditioned   they occur exceptionally with certain bases 


Linguistik

Unique morpheme 
Morphemes that only occur in one word of a language
E.g. cran -  in cranberry 

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Historical syntax

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Semantics 3

Semantics 4

Semantics 4.2.

Semantics 5

Spanisch Vokabeln

Semantics 8

Semantics 9

Semantics 11.1

wisniewski terms

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