Biochemie Vitamine at Universität Düsseldorf

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Vitamin C Azidität

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Vit. B3

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Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) - Funktion
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Exemplary flashcards for Biochemie Vitamine at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Panthotensäure - Funktion

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Folsäure - Hypovitaminose

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Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol) Funktion

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Vitamin H (Biotin) - Mangel 
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Exemplary flashcards for Biochemie Vitamine at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) - Mangel

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Vitamin A ( Retinol) - Hypovitaminose/ Hypervitaminose

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Vitamin E (Tocopherole) - Mangel 

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Vitamin K (Phyllochinon) - Mangel 
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Vitamin B3 (Niacin) - Funktion

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Exemplary flashcards for Biochemie Vitamine at the Universität Düsseldorf on StudySmarter:

Biochemie Vitamine

Vitamin C Azidität
  • Azidität der Ascorbinsäure beruht auf dem Vorhandensein einer Endiolstruktur (weil mesomeriestabilisierten System)
  • Ascorbinsäure (pKS 4,2) ist eine stärkere Säure als Essigsäure (pKS 4,8).

Biochemie Vitamine

Vit. B3
Niacin (Nicotinsäure, Nicotinamid)

Biochemie Vitamine

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) - Funktion
als FAD, FMN Coenzyme, Elektronenakzeptoren und - donatoren
- Atmungskette Komplex 1 [FMN], Komplex 2 [
- Xanthinoxidase
- Acyl- CoA- Dehydrogenase
- Oxidative Desaminierung

Biochemie Vitamine

Panthotensäure - Funktion
Synthese von Coenzym A, dieses ermöglicht die Aktivierung verschiedener Substanzen durch Bildung eines Thioesters

Biochemie Vitamine

Folsäure - Hypovitaminose
Megablastäre Anämie

Biochemie Vitamine

Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol) Funktion
Erhöhte Calciumspiegel, Knochenmineralisierung, Phosphatresorption

Biochemie Vitamine

Vitamin H (Biotin) - Mangel 
Selten, In Hühnereiweiß enthaltenes Avidin bindet Biotin und hemmt Resorption
Symptome: Haarausfall, Hautschäden

Biochemie Vitamine

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) - Mangel
v.a. in Ländern in denen viel polierter Reis gegessen wird
Beriberi ( Polyneuropathie, Skelettmuskelschwund, Herzfunktionsstörungen, Ödeme)

Wernicke Enzephalopathie ( Meist Alkoholbedingt)
- Ophtalmoplegie, Ataxie, Verwirrtheit

Biochemie Vitamine

Vitamin A ( Retinol) - Hypovitaminose/ Hypervitaminose
Hypovitaminose: Nachtblindheit, Xerophtalmie,, Schleimhautverhornung, Störung Spermatogenese
Hypervitaminose: Akut ( Erbrechen, Kopfweh, Schwindel), Chronisch ( Hautaustrockung, Haarausfall, Hepatomegalie)

Biochemie Vitamine

Vitamin E (Tocopherole) - Mangel 
selten akut, Depotfett besitzt Vitamin E Speicher 1-2 Jahre
Syptome durch oxidativen Stress, z. B. hämolytische Anämie

Biochemie Vitamine

Vitamin K (Phyllochinon) - Mangel 
Blutungsneigung 

Biochemie Vitamine

Vitamin B3 (Niacin) - Funktion
Bestandteil der Coenzyme NAD & NADP

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