Semantics at Universität Bonn

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gradable antonymy/gradable pairs

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relational antonymy/relational opposites

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directional antonymy/directional opposites
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polysemy

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homophones

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homonymy

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homographs
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hyperonym & hyponym 

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heronym & meronym 

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connotation

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denotation 
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complementary antonymy/complementary pairs 

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Exemplary flashcards for Semantics at the Universität Bonn on StudySmarter:

Semantics

gradable antonymy/gradable pairs
-negative of one word is not necessarily synonymous with the other word
-more of one is less of the other

e.g. small - large 
(medium in between)

Semantics

relational antonymy/relational opposites
-describe the same situation from opposite perspectives

e.g. employer - employee

Semantics

directional antonymy/directional opposites
-describe opposite directions of a movement 

e.g. come - go

Semantics

polysemy
-one lexeme with different but related meanings
-same pronunciation & spelling
-different historically related meanings

e.g.        mouse         vs.               mouse
             (animal)                 (computer mouse)

Semantics

homophones
-> different words with the same pronunciation 

-same pronunciation 
-different spelling
-different meaning

e.g.  right - write 

Semantics

homonymy
-same pronunciation 
-same spelling
-different unrelated meanings 

e.g.                 bank                vs           bank
       (financial institution)      (side of a river)

Semantics

homographs
-same spelling
-different  pronunciation
-different meanings

e.g.        dove              vs.              dove
           (animal)                (diving, past tense)

Semantics

hyperonym & hyponym 
 hyperonym = superordinate term 
(Oberbegriff)
    hyponym = subordinate term 
(Unterbegriff)

Semantics

heronym & meronym 
-> part-of relationship

e.g.  the trunk is a part of a tree
        tree = heronym 
        trunk = meronym

Semantics

connotation
-associations that come to mind when hearing the word

e.g. winter: snow, skiing, cold, ice

Semantics

denotation 
-the Definition of the word 

e.g. winter: the season between autumn and spring

Semantics

complementary antonymy/complementary pairs 
-characterised by an either-or relationship
-the negative of one of the words is a synonym for the other word

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