Sounds and soundsystems at Universität Bochum

Flashcards and summaries for Sounds and soundsystems at the Universität Bochum

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Bilabial

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Labiodental

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Dental or interdental
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Alveolar 

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Postalveolar

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Retroflex

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Palatoalveolar
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Palatal

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Velar

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Glottal

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Plosives or stops
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Affricates

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Exemplary flashcards for Sounds and soundsystems at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Sounds and soundsystems

Bilabial
-produced with both lips
-/p/ or /b/ or /m/

Sounds and soundsystems

Labiodental
-produced by lower lip against upper teeth
-/f/ or /v/ (film/video) 

Sounds and soundsystems

Dental or interdental
-tongue tip and rims between upper and lower teeth
-or tongue tip against upper teeth
-th-sound: /θ/ (thin) or /ð/ (this) 

Sounds and soundsystems

Alveolar 
-tongue tip nearing or touching ridge behind upper teeth
-/t/ (tiger) or /s/ (snake) 

Sounds and soundsystems

Postalveolar
-tongue tip nearing or touching ridge or area behind it
-/r/ (red) 

Sounds and soundsystems

Retroflex
-tongue tip curls back to approach or touch the front part of the roof of the mouth (hard palate)
-only in few English accents
-r-sound (worse) 

Sounds and soundsystems

Palatoalveolar
-tongue tip touches alveolar ridge, while raising tongue blade towards hard palate
-/tʃ/ (cheese), /ʃ/ (shine), /dɜ/ (gin), /ɜ/ (measure) 

Sounds and soundsystems

Palatal
-body of the tongue neares or touches hard palate
-only English example: /j/ (yes) 

Sounds and soundsystems

Velar
-back of tongue against velum/soft palate
-/k/ (king), /g/ (green), /ŋ/ (english), /w/ (whale) 

Sounds and soundsystems

Glottal
-produced in the larynx when air passes through the glottis
-only examples: /h/ (hat) and the glottal stop in e.g. better or butter 

Sounds and soundsystems

Plosives or stops
-Verschlusslaute
-complete closure of the vocal tract, build up of air, explosive release through mouth
-/p/ (peach), /t/ (tiger), /k/ (king), /b/ (banana), /d/ (dolphin), /g/ (green)
-theoretically glottal stop

Sounds and soundsystems

Affricates
-two elements:
  • plosive (-> closure) but with a slow, friction creating air release (-> hissing sound /s/)
  • second element is created in the same place (same organs)
-> two elements = homorganic sound
-/tʃ/ (cheese), /dɜ/ (gin)

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Systematik at

Universität des Saarlandes

Computer Systems Design and Architecture at

University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Distributed Systems at

TU München

Sensors and Measurement systems at

Bremen

Operating Systems at

Helmut-Schmidt-Universität/ Universität der Bundeswehr

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