M&T at Universität Bochum

Flashcards and summaries for M&T at the Universität Bochum

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d

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d

4.8 /5

studysmarter schule studium
d

4.5 /5

studysmarter schule studium
d

4.8 /5

Study with flashcards and summaries for the course M&T at the Universität Bochum

Exemplary flashcards for M&T at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

applied research 

Exemplary flashcards for M&T at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

science: empirical 

Exemplary flashcards for M&T at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

testable

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Exemplary flashcards for M&T at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

general

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Common-sense explanation 

Exemplary flashcards for M&T at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

method of authority 

Exemplary flashcards for M&T at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

circular explanations/ tautology (pseudo explanation)

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Exemplary flashcards for M&T at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Observing phenomenon 

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Formulate Hypothesis 

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Refining & Retesting 

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Theory

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Exemplary flashcards for M&T at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Characteristics of Theories 

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Exemplary flashcards for M&T at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

M&T

applied research 

generating information that can be applied directly to real-world problem 

M&T

science: empirical 

evidence from observations made under controlled conditions 

M&T

testable

has to have possible outcomes that disprove explanation 

M&T

general

explanation holds under many circumstances 

M&T

Common-sense explanation 

based on own sense of what is true
(incomplete, inconsistent, lacking generality) 

M&T

method of authority 

using expert sources to acquire information on issue in question
--> possible bias
--> often accepted without questioning 

M&T

circular explanations/ tautology (pseudo explanation)

- providing alternative label for event as explanation
--> no independent measure 

M&T

Observing phenomenon 

- initial point of interest 

- identifying variables which affect observation

- using induction: specific to general
--> Data driven 

M&T

Formulate Hypothesis 

- stating nature of relationship between variables
- Hypothesis: testable, falsifiable, positiv, parsimonious
- using deduction --> theory driven 

M&T

Refining & Retesting 

- Generating new hypothesis from observations
- Repeat testing 

M&T

Theory

an explanation of some aspect of the natural world: only observable, confirmable phenomena 

M&T

Characteristics of Theories 

- Parsimony
- explanatory relevance (logical link between what is to be tested)
- testability (possibility of failing empirical test)
- account for most data
- prediction of novel events

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