Linguistics at Universität Bochum

Flashcards and summaries for Linguistics at the Universität Bochum

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Linguistics at the Universität Bochum

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synchronic [synchrony]

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

onomatopoeia [onomatopoetic]

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

pragmatics

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

The Three Circles of English [Kachru]

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lemma

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lexeme

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lexical words

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functional words

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recursivity

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homophones

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homographs

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heteronyms

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Linguistics

synchronic [synchrony]

investigating language at a specific point in time

Linguistics

onomatopoeia [onomatopoetic]

"Lautmalerei": seems to have a natural connection but still conventional

Linguistics

pragmatics

study of language in use

Linguistics

The Three Circles of English [Kachru]

1. The 'Inner' Circle: English is the mother tongue of almost all or at least a significant majority of the population

Norm-providing = this circle provides the norms of English which are used for teaching the language in other countries [ UK, USA]

2. The 'Outer' Circle: English exists alongside indigenous languages, is widely spoken, has official functions as the language of politics, media, jurisdiction, higher education etc.

Norm-developing [India, Singapore]

3. The 'Expanding' Circle: English is mainly acquired through formal education, has no official functions, however widely used in some domains like business, science, technology

Norm-dependent [Russia, Germany, China]

Linguistics

lemma

- can be found in dictionaries [entry / individual listing]

- 'basic' form of a word with no specific grammatical information

[pl - lemmata]

Linguistics

lexeme

- theoretical constructs on the level of the language system (langue) and therefore units abstracted from actual use

Linguistics

lexical words

= content words

- main carrieres of meaning in a text

- can be heads of phrase 

- members of open classes

Linguistics

functional words

- provide 'mortar' of sentences

- indicate relationship between content words or larger units

- indicate the way in which these units are to be interpreted

- members of closed classes

Linguistics

recursivity

- structure, such as a phrase or a clause, may form a part of a larger structure of the same kind, allowing for potentially infinite variety of constructions

[- a phrase in a phrase in a phrase...]

Linguistics

homophones

words that are pronounced the same

Linguistics

homographs

words that are spelt the same

Linguistics

heteronyms

words that are spelt the same but NOT pronounced the same 

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Geographie Einführung!

GLS B

GLS A

Klimatologie & Biogeographie

Translation AM

English Sounds & Sound Systems

Wirtschaftswissenschaften

Urbane Räume

Gesellschaft und Raum

Linguistic at

Universität Duisburg-Essen

Linguistic at

Freie Universität Berlin

linguistics 1 at

Universität Marburg

Linguistics II at

Universität Marburg

Linguistics 2 at

TU Dortmund

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