Analytical Legal Philosophy at Universität Bochum

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Exemplary flashcards for Analytical Legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

What is Analytical/Descriptive Legal Philosophy (beschreibende Rechtsphilosophy)?

Exemplary flashcards for Analytical Legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

What are the legal disciplines (Rechtsdisziplinen) and their perspektive on problems

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normative knowledge

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Exemplary flashcards for Analytical Legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Three dimensions of philosophical analyses 

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relation between positive law and natural law

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Three explanatory strategies

(for legal philosophy)

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What is structure and organisation of legal systems?

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What philosophy of law is NOT

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empirical knowledge

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analytical knowledge

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normativity of legal norms

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What is the nature of the normativity of law?

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Exemplary flashcards for Analytical Legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Analytical Legal Philosophy

What is Analytical/Descriptive Legal Philosophy (beschreibende Rechtsphilosophy)?


  • Explains nature and structure of positive law

Questions to ask:

  • What is the goal of legal methods, and who decides about them?


  • How do different jurisdictions in supranational law relate to each other?


Analytical Legal Philosophy

What are the legal disciplines (Rechtsdisziplinen) and their perspektive on problems

Legal Doctrine (Rechtslehre) and legal method: 

- answers the legal question


Sociology of Law (Rechtssoziologie)

- Explains actual behavior of judges and courts


Normative Legal Philosophy (normative Rechtsphilosophie)

- Provides reasons how the law should be


Analytical Legal Philosophy

normative knowledge

- may take the form of knowledge about justifiying reasons, values, or norms


- according to philosophical position called moral realism: normative judgments can be objectively true or false


- according to philosophical position called moral non-cognitivism: normative positions only express subjective attitudes

Analytical Legal Philosophy

Three dimensions of philosophical analyses 

1. Ontology

- concerns the nature of structure of reality

- What kind of object is law, and in what sense does it exist

2. Semantics

- concerns the meaning of propositions (thoughts or utterances)

- if we think about law, what kind of object do we have in mind

3. Epistemology

- concerns the possibility of knowledge about an object

- in what sense and to what extent can we have justified true beliefs about law?

Analytical Legal Philosophy

relation between positive law and natural law

- dependence of legal validity (Rechtsgültigkeit) on morality

- existence of legal principles (Rechtsgrundsätze)

- moral arguments in legal resoning

Analytical Legal Philosophy

Three explanatory strategies

(for legal philosophy)

Used alone or in combination


1. to  explain legal norms by reference to ormative or moral facts (true political morality)


2. to explain legal norms by descriptive reference to social facts with normativ content (normative language or social norms)


3. to regard legal normativity as a stand-alone phenomenon that neither lends itself to explainations from social facts or moral norms

Analytical Legal Philosophy

What is structure and organisation of legal systems?

- types of norms

- hierarchies and systems

- legal officials vs. laypersons (Laien); legislators (Gesetzgeber) vs. courts (Gerichte)


Analytical Legal Philosophy

What philosophy of law is NOT

1. legal doctrine (Rechtslehre)

specifies the content of a legal order, i.e.; what specific norms exist and how they apply to cases

- studying law = studying legal doctrine


2. ethics or moral philosophy

3. normative political philosophy

4. normative philosophy of law (nature law)

Analytical Legal Philosophy

empirical knowledge

- is about material entities, properties or processes in the external world that are locates in space and time and feature in causal relations


- requires observation - meaning - causal interaction with the material world


- e.g. physics


- only scientific knowledge accessible to us

Analytical Legal Philosophy

analytical knowledge

- non-empirical facts

- true facts


1. logical and mathematical facts

- based on logic


2. conceptual facts

- meaning of concepts (bachlore is a man)

- based on linguistic proficiency


3. methaphysical facts

- general nature of reality

may be based on philosophical intuitions

- are questionable

Analytical Legal Philosophy

normativity of legal norms

- creation and existence of legal norms

- meaning and interpretation of legal norms

- binding force of legal norms


Analytical Legal Philosophy

What is the nature of the normativity of law?

-> philosophy of law´s main task = explain the normativity of law


1. normativity of legal norms

2. structure and organisation of legal systems

3. relation between positive and natural law (=true moraltiy)

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