Sport at Universität Bielefeld

Flashcards and summaries for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Sport at the Universität Bielefeld

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What is Motivation?

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What is the Participant- or trait-centered view of Motivation?

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What is the situation-centered view?

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What are the five Guidelines for building Motivation?

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What is Achievement Motivation?

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What is Competitiveness?

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

How can you develop Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness?

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What Theories of Achievement Motivation Tell Us About High Achievers

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What Theories of Achievement Motivation Tell Us About Low Achievers

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What are the implications for Professional Practice?

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

What is reinforcement?

Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

Principles of Reinforcement

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Exemplary flashcards for Sport at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

Sport

What is Motivation?

Motivation is the direction (wether an individual seeks out, approaches, or is attracted to situations) and intensity (how much effort an individual puts forth in a situation) of effort

Sport

What is the Participant- or trait-centered view of Motivation?

Motivated behavior is primarily a function of individual characteristics (e.g., needs, goals,personality)

Sport

What is the situation-centered view?

Motivated behavior is primarily determined by the situation

Sport

What are the five Guidelines for building Motivation?

  • Both situations and traits motivate people
  • Understand why people participate in physical activity
  • Change the environment to enhance motivation 
  • Leaders influence motivation directly and indirectly
  • use behavior modification to change undesirable motives 

Sport

What is Achievement Motivation?

A person’s orientation to strive for task success, persist in the face of failure, and experience pride in accomplishments

self-comparison of achievement

Sport

What is Competitiveness?

“A disposition to strive for satisfaction when making comparisons with some standard of excellence in the presence of evaluative others”

Sport

How can you develop Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness?

  • Recognize the interaction of personal and situational factors influencing achievement behavior (stage of achievement behavior, Goal orientation, Attributions, Situations approached or avoided)
  • Emphasize mastery (task) goals and downplay outcome goals. Create a mastery

    motivational climate

  • Monitor and alter attributional feedback

  • Monitor and correct inappropriate attributions

  • Determine when competitive goals are appropriate

  • Enhance feelings of competence and control

Sport

What Theories of Achievement Motivation Tell Us About High Achievers

Motivational orientation:

• High motivation to achieve success 

• Low motivation to avoid failure

• Focus on the pride of success

Attributions:

• Ascribe success to stable and internal factors within their control 

• Ascribe failure to unstable and external factors outside their control • Usually adopt task goals

Perceived competence and control:

Have high perceived competence and feel that achievement is within their control

Task choice:

Seek out challenges, able competitors, and demanding tasks

Performance:

Perform well in evaluative conditions

Sport

What Theories of Achievement Motivation Tell Us About Low Achievers

Motivational orientation:

  • Low motivation to achieve success 
  • High motivation to avoid failure
  • Focus on shame and worry that may result from failure

Attributions:

  • Ascribe success to unstable and external factors outside their control 
  • Ascribe failure to stable and internal factors within their control

Goals adopted:

  • Usually adopt outcome goals

Perceived competence and control:

  • Have low perceived competence and feel that achievement is outside their control

Task choice:

  • Avoid challenges, seek out very difficult or very easy tasks or competitors

Performance:

  • Perform poorly in evaluative conditions

Sport

What are the implications for Professional Practice?

  • Recognize the interaction of personal and situational factors influencing achievement behavior.
    • Stage of achievement behavior 
    • Goal orientation 
    • Attributions
    • Situations approached or avoided
  • Emphasize mastery (task) goals and downplay outcome goals. Create a mastery motivational climate.
  • Monitor and alter attributional feedback
  • Monitor and correct inappropriate attributions
  • Determine when competitive goals are appropriate
  • Enhance feelings of competence and control

Sport

What is reinforcement?

The use of rewards and punishment that increase or decrease the likelihood of a similar response occurring in the future

Sport

Principles of Reinforcement

  • If doing something results in a good consequence (such as being rewarded), people tend to repeat the behavior to achieve additional positive reinforcement
  • If doing something results in an unpleasant consequence (such as being punished), people tend not to repeat the behavior to avoid more negative consequences.

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Sport - DM 2

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