Language Glossary at Universität Bielefeld

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affix

Exemplary flashcards for Language Glossary at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

assimilation

Exemplary flashcards for Language Glossary at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

auxiliary/ preiphrastic "do"

Exemplary flashcards for Language Glossary at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

auxiliary verbs

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back-formation

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basilect    

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bleaching

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borrowing

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celtic

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code-switching/code-mixing

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codification

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compunding

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Exemplary flashcards for Language Glossary at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

Language Glossary

affix
adding a morpheme to the beginning (prefix) or the end (suffix) of a word; changes meaning and word class

active > inactive
kind > kindness

Language Glossary

assimilation
process in which a sound becomes more like a neighbouring sound;

a nasal before a velar stop (k, g) may become velar

in+come /ink^m/

Language Glossary

auxiliary/ preiphrastic "do"
the grammatical auxiliary verb "do" used with lexical verbs to form negations, questions, emphatic forms

"does she like history or doesn't she?" - "yes, she does!"

Language Glossary

auxiliary verbs
grammaticalized verbs with a high degree of grammatical meaning.

Consist of the primary auxiliaries be, have, auxiliary do and the modal auxiliaries

Language Glossary

back-formation
a means of word-formation in which a simpler word that did not previously exist is derived from a more complex one on the basis of a well-established pattern:

edit from editor on the pattern of bake from baker

Language Glossary

basilect    

least prestigious form of a language, opposite of acrolect (most prestigious), with intermediate form in between (mesolect)

Language Glossary

bleaching
part of grammaticalization in which a word loses its lexical meaning and turns into a grammatical marker

"going" in "going to do sth." no longer suggests movement but marks future tense

Language Glossary

borrowing
words/grammatical structures are taken from another language

Language Glossary

celtic
an old Indo-European language: Gaelic (irish), Scottish Gaelic, Welsh

Language Glossary

code-switching/code-mixing
switching/mixing languages mid-sentence

Language Glossary

codification
part of the standardization process, refers to regulation of how the languages should look, relies on dictionaries, grammar guides, etc.

Language Glossary

compunding
two independent words (free morphemes) are combined to form a new word

sunflower, football, anybody etc.

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