Biology at Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für biology an der Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
type of variation in gene
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intragenic mutation 
gene duplication 
DNA segment shuffling 
horizontal transfer 
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type of genes 
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orhologos 
paralogos
homologous 
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talk about yeast 
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- unicellular 
-family of funghi 
- has mitochondria 
- can replicate = mitosi and meiosis 
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why we thing that eukaryotic cell have an hybrid origin?
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- ancestral aerobic archeal cell
- bacteria 
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which are the simplest carbon compound that form macromolecules and what are the macromolecule that they form? 
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sugar = polysaccharide 
fatty acids = fats, lipid, membrane 
aa = protein 
nucleotide = nuclei acids 
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which are the 2 type of bond in the protein? What is their function? 
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Peptide bond = bind together COOH of one a whit NH2 of the other 
non covalent = mantain the shape 
- hydrophobic interaction acts in the process of folding protein because they put the non polar aa inside the chain and the polar aa outside the chain  
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Describe the process of Protein folding 
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It’s the process in which a protein wants to go from a more caotic state (energetically unfavorable) to a more stable one so in folding state (more stable). This process sometimes is assisted by Molecular chaperons that help the protein to fold correctly and prevent the newl synthesized protein to assemble in the wrong way 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
what measure the equilibrium constant? 
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Binding strength 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the binding site? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Any part of a protein surface that can bind to another protein or to other molecule by a covalent bond 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
protein domain 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Any part of a protein that can fold independently into a stable, compact form 
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what are the 3 type of protein protein interaction ? 
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Surface-index interaction = between the surface of one molecule and the exerted loop of the other 
helix-helix = coiled-coil 
surface-surface = surface of one interact whit the other 
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how cell can gain energy? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
organotrophic 
phototrophic 
lithotrophic
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  • 3567 Karteikarten
  • 247 Studierende
  • 7 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen biology Kurs an der Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
type of variation in gene
A:
intragenic mutation 
gene duplication 
DNA segment shuffling 
horizontal transfer 
Q:
type of genes 
A:
orhologos 
paralogos
homologous 
Q:
talk about yeast 
A:
- unicellular 
-family of funghi 
- has mitochondria 
- can replicate = mitosi and meiosis 
Q:
why we thing that eukaryotic cell have an hybrid origin?
A:
- ancestral aerobic archeal cell
- bacteria 
Q:
which are the simplest carbon compound that form macromolecules and what are the macromolecule that they form? 
A:
sugar = polysaccharide 
fatty acids = fats, lipid, membrane 
aa = protein 
nucleotide = nuclei acids 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
which are the 2 type of bond in the protein? What is their function? 
A:
Peptide bond = bind together COOH of one a whit NH2 of the other 
non covalent = mantain the shape 
- hydrophobic interaction acts in the process of folding protein because they put the non polar aa inside the chain and the polar aa outside the chain  
Q:
Describe the process of Protein folding 
A:
It’s the process in which a protein wants to go from a more caotic state (energetically unfavorable) to a more stable one so in folding state (more stable). This process sometimes is assisted by Molecular chaperons that help the protein to fold correctly and prevent the newl synthesized protein to assemble in the wrong way 
Q:
what measure the equilibrium constant? 
A:
Binding strength 
Q:
What is the binding site? 
A:
Any part of a protein surface that can bind to another protein or to other molecule by a covalent bond 
Q:
protein domain 
A:
Any part of a protein that can fold independently into a stable, compact form 
Q:
what are the 3 type of protein protein interaction ? 
A:
Surface-index interaction = between the surface of one molecule and the exerted loop of the other 
helix-helix = coiled-coil 
surface-surface = surface of one interact whit the other 
Q:
how cell can gain energy? 
A:
organotrophic 
phototrophic 
lithotrophic
biology

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