NEFROLOGIA at Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión

Flashcards and summaries for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión

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Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

CUALES SON LAS FUNCIONES DEL RIÑÓN??

Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

EXPLIQUE LA HISTOLOGIA DEL GLOMERULO..

Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

QUE COSA ES EL MESANGIO??
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Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

DEFINA QUE ES LA MEMBRANA BASAL???

Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

DEFINA SIADH...

Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

CUAL ES LA CLÍNICA TÍPICA DE HIPONA??

Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

CUAL ES EL TRATAMIENTO DE HIPONA??
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Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

CUALES SON LOS CUIDADOS A LA HORA DE REPONER NA EN HIPONA??

Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

CUAL ES EL RIESGO DE CORREGIR NA > 12 mEq/día????

Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

COMO SE TRATA HIPONA <110  O CON CONVULSIONES??? 

Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

CUAL ES LA COMPLICACIÓN DE HIPERNA EN NIÑOS??
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Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

CUAL ES EL TTO DE LA HIPERNA??

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Exemplary flashcards for NEFROLOGIA at the Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on StudySmarter:

NEFROLOGIA

CUALES SON LAS FUNCIONES DEL RIÑÓN??
Regulacion del E H-e- (agua y K)
Eliminación productos nitrogenado (uremia)
coNtrol A-B (Ac Metab es la que mata)
hormonAL

REN} IRA
RENAL}ERC

NEFROLOGIA

EXPLIQUE LA HISTOLOGIA DEL GLOMERULO..
Podocitos 
Membrana basal
Endotelio
Mesangio 

NEFROLOGIA

QUE COSA ES EL MESANGIO??
Son macrofagos que tienen actina y miosina. Pueden ser intracapsulares y extracapsulares. 
cuando se contraen DISMINUYE el FG

NEFROLOGIA

DEFINA QUE ES LA MEMBRANA BASAL???
Es una membrana compuesta por:
  • Colageno IV
  • Lamina
  • Entactina 
  • Perlecan (heparan sulfato)
  • Ácido sialico 

NEFROLOGIA

DEFINA SIADH...
HipoNa
Hiposmolar
Euvolemica
OsmU>100
NaU>20

NEFROLOGIA

CUAL ES LA CLÍNICA TÍPICA DE HIPONA??
Trastorno del sensorio.
1.- somnolencia
2. Convulsiones

NEFROLOGIA

CUAL ES EL TRATAMIENTO DE HIPONA??
Se calcula su déficit con la fórmula (135-Na)xpesox0.6

1.- VLEC disminuido: hidratar
2.- VLEC aumentado: restricción hidrica + FURO

NEFROLOGIA

CUALES SON LOS CUIDADOS A LA HORA DE REPONER NA EN HIPONA??
1. NO > 1 mEq/h
2. NO > 10-12 mEq/Dia 
3. NO corregir > 50% del déficit en 1 día 

NEFROLOGIA

CUAL ES EL RIESGO DE CORREGIR NA > 12 mEq/día????
MIELINOLISIS PONTINA CENTRAL 
TETRAPARESIA AREFLEXICA 
DX:RNM NUCLEAR

NEFROLOGIA

COMO SE TRATA HIPONA <110  O CON CONVULSIONES??? 
CON NACL 3%

NEFROLOGIA

CUAL ES LA COMPLICACIÓN DE HIPERNA EN NIÑOS??
Hemorragia SA

NEFROLOGIA

CUAL ES EL TTO DE LA HIPERNA??
Solución al 1/2N: NACL 20% + D5%

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