Introduction Into The Dental Clinic at Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Introduction into the dental clinic an der Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU

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Areas within dentistry.

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  • Oral pathology 
  • Radiology 
  • Public health 
  • Prosthodontics 
  • Endodontics 
  • Periodontics 
  • Oral surgery 
  • Pedodontics 
  • Orthodontics
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Congenital anomalies. 

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Congenital anomalies involve; 

  • Anomalies related to number.  
  • Anomalies related to form
  • Histopathological alterations or dysplasia

 

This type of anomalies occurs during the intra uterus formation of the tooth/ teeth

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Auscultation

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Listening to the sounds made by the different organs, e.g. movement of the TMJ. 

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Dentistry - Overall definition.

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Dentistry is one of the health sciences that is responsible for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the stomatognathic system, which includes teeth, gums, periodontal tissue, upper jaw, lower jaw and temporomandibular joint. 

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Therapeutics - Definition.

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Therapeutics: Procedures used to restore the tooth structure

  • Fillings
  • Root canal treatment 

  • Aesthetic treatment
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Overall areas within Dental pathology. 

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Dental pathology revolves around two major areas; 

  • Congenital anomalies.
  • Post-eruptive injuries. 
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Anamnesis

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The information gained by the dentist about the patient’s medical and general past. 

→ Case history of the patient.

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Smell.

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Examines the following:

  • Alcohol.
  • Acetone → Diabetes mellitus.
  • Bacterial infections → Putrid smell.
  • Bacterial metabolic processes producing Sulphur → Halitosis.
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Aspiration.

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Probing with a sharp-edged tool (needle), removing content with negative pressure. 

→ Examining the aspirated contents, e.g. puss, blood.

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Probing.

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Examining the dimensions of a thin route or cave with a narrow tool, e.g. periodontal probe. 

  • Probing the periodontium.
  • Fistula.
  • The outlet tubes of the large salivary glands
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Dental pathology - Definition.

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Dental pathology: Alterations and injuries that affect the dental tissues.  

  • Congenital anomalies 
  • Traumatic lesions 

  • Infective lesions.
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Agenesis - Hypodontia. 

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Agenesis is a condition where teeth are missing due to a developmental failure


Can be sub-classified into: 

  • Hypodontia
  • Oligodontia 
  • Anodontia


With a frequency of 20% of the world population, tooth agenesis is the most prevalent dental dysplasia.

Potential genetic causes

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Q:

Areas within dentistry.

A:
  • Oral pathology 
  • Radiology 
  • Public health 
  • Prosthodontics 
  • Endodontics 
  • Periodontics 
  • Oral surgery 
  • Pedodontics 
  • Orthodontics
Q:

Congenital anomalies. 

A:

Congenital anomalies involve; 

  • Anomalies related to number.  
  • Anomalies related to form
  • Histopathological alterations or dysplasia

 

This type of anomalies occurs during the intra uterus formation of the tooth/ teeth

Q:

Auscultation

A:

Listening to the sounds made by the different organs, e.g. movement of the TMJ. 

Q:

Dentistry - Overall definition.

A:

Dentistry is one of the health sciences that is responsible for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the stomatognathic system, which includes teeth, gums, periodontal tissue, upper jaw, lower jaw and temporomandibular joint. 

Q:

Therapeutics - Definition.

A:

Therapeutics: Procedures used to restore the tooth structure

  • Fillings
  • Root canal treatment 

  • Aesthetic treatment
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Q:

Overall areas within Dental pathology. 

A:

Dental pathology revolves around two major areas; 

  • Congenital anomalies.
  • Post-eruptive injuries. 
Q:

Anamnesis

A:

The information gained by the dentist about the patient’s medical and general past. 

→ Case history of the patient.

Q:

Smell.

A:

Examines the following:

  • Alcohol.
  • Acetone → Diabetes mellitus.
  • Bacterial infections → Putrid smell.
  • Bacterial metabolic processes producing Sulphur → Halitosis.
Q:

Aspiration.

A:

Probing with a sharp-edged tool (needle), removing content with negative pressure. 

→ Examining the aspirated contents, e.g. puss, blood.

Q:

Probing.

A:

Examining the dimensions of a thin route or cave with a narrow tool, e.g. periodontal probe. 

  • Probing the periodontium.
  • Fistula.
  • The outlet tubes of the large salivary glands
Q:

Dental pathology - Definition.

A:

Dental pathology: Alterations and injuries that affect the dental tissues.  

  • Congenital anomalies 
  • Traumatic lesions 

  • Infective lesions.
Q:

Agenesis - Hypodontia. 

A:

Agenesis is a condition where teeth are missing due to a developmental failure


Can be sub-classified into: 

  • Hypodontia
  • Oligodontia 
  • Anodontia


With a frequency of 20% of the world population, tooth agenesis is the most prevalent dental dysplasia.

Potential genetic causes

Introduction into the dental clinic

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