Introduction Into The Dental Clinic at Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU | Flashcards & Summaries

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Viewing.

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Viewing → Active, E.g. opening the mouth, spreading the tongue.

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Etiology of periodontal disease - Dental plaque

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Biofilm or mass of bacteria that grows on surfaces within the mouth. 


Sticky colorless deposit at first, but when it forms tartar, it is often brown or pale yellow. 

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Anamnesis

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The information gained by the dentist about the patient’s medical and general past. 

→ Case history of the patient.

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Gemination. 

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A phenomenon where two teeth are developed from one


There is one main crown, with a cleft within the cervical third of the crown

It looks like two teeth but is not. 


The number of the teeth in the arch will be normal.

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Post-eruptive injuries

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  • Trauma
  • Non-bacterial destructive alterations 
  • Stains 
  • Dental caries
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Endodontic treatment.

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A treatment sequence for the infected pulp of a tooth which is intended to result in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion. 

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Hypodontia.

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Missing less than 6 teeth in both arches. 


Most people with hypodontia are only missing one or two teeth


The teeth most likely to be missing are permanent 2nd premolars and upper lateral incisors. 

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Overall areas within Dental pathology. 

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Dental pathology revolves around two major areas; 

  • Congenital anomalies.
  • Post-eruptive injuries. 
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Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI)

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Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a congenital disorder which presents with a rare abnormal formation of the enamel or external layer of the crown of teeth, unrelated to any systemic or generalized conditions. 

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Taurodontism. 

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The body of the tooth and pulp chamber is enlarged vertically at the expense of the roots. 

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Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI)

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Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) is a genetic disorder of tooth development. 


It causes teeth to be discolored (most often a blue-gray or yellow-brown color) and translucent giving teeth an opalescent sheen


Genetic factors are the main contributor for the disease, but environmental or systemic alterations, such as medicine can also cause it. 

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Principles of periodontal therapy 

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Principles of periodontal therapy: 

  • Oral hygiene → Eliminate gingival inflammation. 
  • Restore normal tissue contours. 
  • Regenerate periodontal attachment. 

 

Aim of the Periodontal Therapy: Retention of the Teeth!

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Introduction into the dental clinic Kurs an der Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Viewing.

A:

Viewing → Active, E.g. opening the mouth, spreading the tongue.

Q:

Etiology of periodontal disease - Dental plaque

A:

Biofilm or mass of bacteria that grows on surfaces within the mouth. 


Sticky colorless deposit at first, but when it forms tartar, it is often brown or pale yellow. 

Q:

Anamnesis

A:

The information gained by the dentist about the patient’s medical and general past. 

→ Case history of the patient.

Q:

Gemination. 

A:

A phenomenon where two teeth are developed from one


There is one main crown, with a cleft within the cervical third of the crown

It looks like two teeth but is not. 


The number of the teeth in the arch will be normal.

Q:

Post-eruptive injuries

A:
  • Trauma
  • Non-bacterial destructive alterations 
  • Stains 
  • Dental caries
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Q:

Endodontic treatment.

A:

A treatment sequence for the infected pulp of a tooth which is intended to result in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion. 

Q:

Hypodontia.

A:

Missing less than 6 teeth in both arches. 


Most people with hypodontia are only missing one or two teeth


The teeth most likely to be missing are permanent 2nd premolars and upper lateral incisors. 

Q:

Overall areas within Dental pathology. 

A:

Dental pathology revolves around two major areas; 

  • Congenital anomalies.
  • Post-eruptive injuries. 
Q:

Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI)

A:

Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a congenital disorder which presents with a rare abnormal formation of the enamel or external layer of the crown of teeth, unrelated to any systemic or generalized conditions. 

Q:

Taurodontism. 

A:

The body of the tooth and pulp chamber is enlarged vertically at the expense of the roots. 

Q:

Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI)

A:

Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) is a genetic disorder of tooth development. 


It causes teeth to be discolored (most often a blue-gray or yellow-brown color) and translucent giving teeth an opalescent sheen


Genetic factors are the main contributor for the disease, but environmental or systemic alterations, such as medicine can also cause it. 

Q:

Principles of periodontal therapy 

A:

Principles of periodontal therapy: 

  • Oral hygiene → Eliminate gingival inflammation. 
  • Restore normal tissue contours. 
  • Regenerate periodontal attachment. 

 

Aim of the Periodontal Therapy: Retention of the Teeth!

Introduction into the dental clinic

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