sensory physiology at TU München

Flashcards and summaries for sensory physiology at the TU München

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Exemplary flashcards for sensory physiology at the TU München on StudySmarter:

What do the semicircular canals sense?

Exemplary flashcards for sensory physiology at the TU München on StudySmarter:

How do we differentiate between linear acceleration and gravity even though the signal from the otolith organs is the same?

Exemplary flashcards for sensory physiology at the TU München on StudySmarter:

How does the normal response to movement look like?
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Exemplary flashcards for sensory physiology at the TU München on StudySmarter:

What is the vestibulo-ocular reflex?

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Is the VOR and the control of the cerebellum stable?

Exemplary flashcards for sensory physiology at the TU München on StudySmarter:

What are the two major classes of reflexes of the vestibular system?

Exemplary flashcards for sensory physiology at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Waht are the two components of posture?
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Exemplary flashcards for sensory physiology at the TU München on StudySmarter:

What is postural orientation?

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What is involved in postural control?

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What is meant by sensory information?

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What are sensory receptors doing?
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Can we detect gravity? If so why?

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Exemplary flashcards for sensory physiology at the TU München on StudySmarter:

sensory physiology

What do the semicircular canals sense?
They sense head rotation (=angular acceleration).
  • head turns or tilts
  • body rotates
  • during active and passive locomotion
The semicircular canals sense these acceleration and report their magnitude and orientations to the brain

sensory physiology

How do we differentiate between linear acceleration and gravity even though the signal from the otolith organs is the same?
Our brain also integrates signals from the semicircular organs and the visual and somatosensory system which is why we can properly interpret head and body motions

sensory physiology

How does the normal response to movement look like?
most of our movements lead to a complex stimulation of both systems within the vestibular system that detect either rotation or linear acceleration or tilt. These complex stimulations consist of excitatory and inhibitory signals of the different parts of the system

sensory physiology

What is the vestibulo-ocular reflex?
Due to the vestibulo-ocular reflex the eyes can kept still while the head is moving. There are three types of vestibulo-ocular reflexes:
  • rotational VOR (compensates for head rotation, input from semicircular canals)
  • translational VOR (compensates for linear head movement)
  • ocular counter-rolling response (compensates for head tilt in the vertical plane)

sensory physiology

Is the VOR and the control of the cerebellum stable?
No, the VOR is plastic which means that the motor output can be modified by sensory feedback. Therefore the VOR remains accurate even though there might be changes in the motor system (fatigue, eye muscle weaknesses) and differing visual requirements (corrective lenses)

sensory physiology

What are the two major classes of reflexes of the vestibular system?
  1. reflexes that are responsible for maintaining equilibrium and gaze during movement --> coordination of head and eyes to keep the gaze fixed on an object of interest during movement
  2. reflexes that are responsible for maintaining posture -->

sensory physiology

Waht are the two components of posture?
  1. orientation
  2. balance

sensory physiology

What is postural orientation?
the positioning of body segments with respect to each other and the environment

sensory physiology

What is involved in postural control?
Three systems are involved
  • somatosensory
  • vestibular
  • visual
all three systems provide information which is integrated to provide a coherent picture

sensory physiology

What is meant by sensory information?
Sensory information is this context is defined as neural activity that originates from receptor cells

sensory physiology

What are sensory receptors doing?
Each sensory receptors provide the first neural representaion of the external world. These specialized receptors transform a specific type of stimulus energy into electrical signals.

sensory physiology

Can we detect gravity? If so why?
Yes, we can sense gravity because gravity is a linear acceleration. The otolith organs can sense the tilt (Kippwinkel, Neigung) of the head relative to gravity. (=orientation)

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