Empirical Research Methods at TU München

Flashcards and summaries for Empirical Research Methods at the TU München

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"Alternative Facts" - "manipulated data"

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Two different purposes of collecting data: 

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How do we call a tool that allows us to explain what is going on based on data/ reality? 
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How do we call a tool that allows us to make predictions about what is going to happen?

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Measles Vaccination Case 

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Why did the rumor of the measles case become so popular? 

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If the study about a positive relation between getting vaccinated against measles and getting autism would be true, what would that mean for policy? 
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Evidence-based Management

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Evidence-based management (EBM) process

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Causal

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Theory is..
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Aggregate of propositions 

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Exemplary flashcards for Empirical Research Methods at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Empirical Research Methods

"Alternative Facts" - "manipulated data"
Data, which is neutral itself, can be manipulated, firstly when it is gathered, secondly when it is interpreted and presented. Be careful what agenda persons working with the data might have.

Flawed data means high risks for the company: Lose money, jobs and even lives.

Empirical Research Methods

Two different purposes of collecting data: 
Explain: Semmelweiss & Hospitals
Predict: Einstein & Theory of Relativity

Empirical Research Methods

How do we call a tool that allows us to explain what is going on based on data/ reality? 
Theory 

Empirical Research Methods

How do we call a tool that allows us to make predictions about what is going to happen?
Theory 

Empirical Research Methods

Measles Vaccination Case 
A British professor faked a study concerning a correlation between getting autism and being vaccinated against measles with the result of vaccinating against measles increasing the chance of getting autism.  

Empirical Research Methods

Why did the rumor of the measles case become so popular? 
First of all nobody really knows why one gets autistic, so every explanation must be considered. Secondly its very easy to find people who have been vaccinated against measles and now have autism. Thirdly you don't "see" the hundred-thousands of people who don't get autistic after they have been vaccinated, they only present cases where the vaccinated person got autism. 

Empirical Research Methods

If the study about a positive relation between getting vaccinated against measles and getting autism would be true, what would that mean for policy? 
They would have to evaluate whether it is worth it prohibiting the vaccination in order to prevent the statistically expectable amount of people getting autism. One main aspect they would have to consider is how strong the correlation would be. 1:10 vs. 1:100000000

Empirical Research Methods

Evidence-based Management
Good management requires evidence.
Evidence is data, which is well-collected, well-analyzed and well-interpreted and thus "confirmed"-found over and over again.
Also it is useful if the data interpretation makes projections beyond the data collected: so it can be tested/ falsified. 

Empirical Research Methods

Evidence-based management (EBM) process
1. Collect evidence: conduct studies
2. Aggregate evidence: Meta-Analysis
3. Translate: develop guidelines, principles for action
4. Show efficacy: Evaluate guidelines 

Empirical Research Methods

Causal
explains why and/ or how 

Empirical Research Methods

Theory is..
Causal
Aggregate of propositions
Testable through hypotheses
Based on assumptions

Empirical Research Methods

Aggregate of propositions 
  • proposition: one causal statement         linking two constructs
  • construct: something not directly observable (intelligence, motivation, illness) 

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Market Research at

Universität Münster

Methods & Techniques of research at

Maastricht University

Research at

University of the Philippines Diliman

Research qualitative methods (2) at

University of Reading

Introduction to research methodology at

Tilburg University

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