Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at TU München

Flashcards and summaries for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Explain the difference between title and deed registration systems. What is the difference in their registration?

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Define the term land registration as a system.

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

What is a land tool?

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Describe the goal of the global land tool network (GLTN).

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Describe fit-for-purpose land administration systems. How do they differ from common land administration systems?

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

What are the main four principles of fit-for-purpose land administration?

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

What are the main elements of the fit-for-purpose approach in land administration?

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Describe examples of land administration systems

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Explain the term adjudication

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Describe the role of land informationa dn land infomratioon infrastructures.

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

List and differentiate different methods of land valuation.

Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

What is the main reason to insure land rights and how and where is this done?

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Exemplary flashcards for Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung at the TU München on StudySmarter:

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

Explain the difference between title and deed registration systems. What is the difference in their registration?

  • Deed system
    • Registers transactions
    • Titles are not guaranteed
    • Notaries, lawyers, etc. required
    • A chain of titles 
    • registration of all important instruments related to land
  • Title system
    • Land book with direct title inscription
    • Titles are guaranteed
    • The on ewho is registered as the owner has an indefeasible tiitle of the land

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

Define the term land registration as a system.

  • A set of eements (input) with relationships in between (throughput) to form a whole to reach a certain goal
  • e. g.: Land tenure –> land registration –> legal security

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

What is a land tool?

A land tool is a  practical way to solve a problem in land administration and management (universally)..It puts policies, principles and legislation into effect and contains checklists, protocols, software and guidelines.

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

Describe the goal of the global land tool network (GLTN).

  • Poverty alleviation through land reform
  • Improved land management and security of tenure
  • Development of pro-poor and gender sensitive land tools

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

Describe fit-for-purpose land administration systems. How do they differ from common land administration systems?

  • Problem: 75% of world population has no access to formal registration systems –> no security, poverty
  • New approach to build land administration systems
  • Focus on the purpose to get land registered rather than on using technological standards

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

What are the main four principles of fit-for-purpose land administration?

  • General boundaries (rather than fied boundaries)
  • Aerial images (no field surveys)
  • Accurcy relates to purpose (not technical standards)
  • Opportunities for improvement and updating

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

What are the main elements of the fit-for-purpose approach in land administration?

  • Flexible (data capture approach)
  • Inclusive (cover all tenure and land)
  • Participatory (community support)
  • Affordable
  • Reliable (up-to-date information)
  • Attainable (short timeframe)
  • Upgradable (improvements over time)

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

Describe examples of land administration systems

Germany: ALKIS, AFIS, ATKIS

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

Explain the term adjudication

  • When the title to land is brought for the first time
  • Existing rights in a parcel are finally and authoritavely determined
  • First stage of registration

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

Describe the role of land informationa dn land infomratioon infrastructures.

  • Land infomration infrastructures need to
    • be relevant
    • contain/rely on processes to collect/combine data
    • supply, generate and/or monitor land value, use, development, policy, tenure and sustainability information
  • Land information
    • Different types are internally connected through
      • Space (georeferenced)
      • Objects (parcels)
      • Databases (common keys)
      • Organizations
      • Legal rules and regulations
    • Connections create
      • dependencies
      • chains
      • other connections and new opporunities for connections

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

List and differentiate different methods of land valuation.

  • Market value: Amount for anasset on the valuation date between a seller and a buyer
  • Value in use: Cash flow that an asset generates for a specific owner under a specific use
  • Investment value: Value for individual investment
  • Insurable value: Value of real property covered by insurance policy
  • Liquidation value: Value arising in forced or orderly liquidation (bankrupcy)

Bodenrecht und Bodenordnung

What is the main reason to insure land rights and how and where is this done?

  • Who: insurance companies
  • How: Shadow registers similar to deed systems by transactions
  • Why: Insure possible risks –> hold guarantees to legitimate rights, perons is not legitimate land owner, now funding!

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