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What is a generative design?

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- an iterative design process that involves a software program that will generate a certain number of outputs that meet certain constraints, and a designer that will fine tune the feasible region by selecting specific output or changing input values, ranges and distribution

- the “designer” doesn't need to be a human, it can be a test program in a testing environment or an artificial intelligence 

- a fast method of exploring design possibilities

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What is the smart city?

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A smart city is a settled area which utilizes systemic (in terms of ecological, social and economic aspects) and sustainable products, services, technologies, processes and infrastructures, in most cases supported by highly integrated and networked information and communication technologies

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What is GIS?

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GIS is geographic information system:

-a broad term that can refer to a number of different technologies, processes, and methods 

- information system that integrates, stores, edits, analyzes, shares, and displays geographic information


Synonyms in Germany: 

- Geographische Informationssysteme 

- Räumliche Informationssysteme (RIS)

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What is GIS used for?

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- capture and edit spatial data /geographic information / geodata 

- used for recording and storing 

- assist in the analysis and visualization of spatial information 

- assist in the modeling of natural and socio-economic data 

- anthropogenically created objects on the ground (or above and below)

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What is Geo-Data?

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- description of real or abstract objects in the environment (socio-economic and natural) 

- description (model) may differ in detail - Examples include: a street of polygons formed by straight lines between points or by smooth curves; Road as area 

- description of the properties of objects - Example: street has one or more lanes, has given surface, width, etc

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What types of data models exist?

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Point Clouds

3D (Geometry) Models: 3D Shape, 3ds

2D semantic (Data) Models: Xplanung

3D semantic (Data) Models: IFC, Citygml

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XPlanung

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Was developed in Germany.

Is not a software

standard on which software for generation, provision and use of XPlanGML-conform data can be developed

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XPlanGML

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- open standard for digital exchange and archiving of land use plans, landscape and regional plans 

- based on a formalization of the corresponding legal regulations. 

- not standardize the graphical form of a plan 

- automatic syntactic validation of a model and support of standardized web services

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What are 3D City models?

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- a digital model of urban areas 

- represent terrain surfaces, sites, buildings, vegetation, infrastructure and landscape elements in three-dimensional scale as well as related objects (e.g., city furniture) belonging to urban areas 

- components are described and represented by corresponding two-dimensional and three-dimensional spatial data and geo-referenced data



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CityGML?

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- CityGML = City Geography Markup Language 

- Standard for storing and transferring virtual 3D city and regional models 

- developed by the Special Interest Group 3D ( SIG 3D) 

- Representation in four aspects - geometry , topology, semantics and appearance for all 3D geo-objects 

- ensure interoperability of spatial data and their modeling 

-> exchange format (standardized access & exchangeability)



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 What is UIM?

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UIM – Urban Information Model 


„It is a semantic modeling framework that aimed at coupling GIS and BIM fields by the definition of contextual processes in order to integrate the business knowledge. It aims at modeling the knowledge of urban environment.

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In which fields can we apply the city models?

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reachability analysis 

site analyses 

management of cultural landscape 

management of ski runs 

pipenetwork analyses 

simulation of natural risks 

city information system 

energy atlases / potential

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Q:

What is a generative design?

A:

- an iterative design process that involves a software program that will generate a certain number of outputs that meet certain constraints, and a designer that will fine tune the feasible region by selecting specific output or changing input values, ranges and distribution

- the “designer” doesn't need to be a human, it can be a test program in a testing environment or an artificial intelligence 

- a fast method of exploring design possibilities

Q:

What is the smart city?

A:

A smart city is a settled area which utilizes systemic (in terms of ecological, social and economic aspects) and sustainable products, services, technologies, processes and infrastructures, in most cases supported by highly integrated and networked information and communication technologies

Q:

What is GIS?

A:

GIS is geographic information system:

-a broad term that can refer to a number of different technologies, processes, and methods 

- information system that integrates, stores, edits, analyzes, shares, and displays geographic information


Synonyms in Germany: 

- Geographische Informationssysteme 

- Räumliche Informationssysteme (RIS)

Q:

What is GIS used for?

A:

- capture and edit spatial data /geographic information / geodata 

- used for recording and storing 

- assist in the analysis and visualization of spatial information 

- assist in the modeling of natural and socio-economic data 

- anthropogenically created objects on the ground (or above and below)

Q:

What is Geo-Data?

A:

- description of real or abstract objects in the environment (socio-economic and natural) 

- description (model) may differ in detail - Examples include: a street of polygons formed by straight lines between points or by smooth curves; Road as area 

- description of the properties of objects - Example: street has one or more lanes, has given surface, width, etc

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What types of data models exist?

A:

Point Clouds

3D (Geometry) Models: 3D Shape, 3ds

2D semantic (Data) Models: Xplanung

3D semantic (Data) Models: IFC, Citygml

Q:

XPlanung

A:

Was developed in Germany.

Is not a software

standard on which software for generation, provision and use of XPlanGML-conform data can be developed

Q:

XPlanGML

A:

- open standard for digital exchange and archiving of land use plans, landscape and regional plans 

- based on a formalization of the corresponding legal regulations. 

- not standardize the graphical form of a plan 

- automatic syntactic validation of a model and support of standardized web services

Q:

What are 3D City models?

A:

- a digital model of urban areas 

- represent terrain surfaces, sites, buildings, vegetation, infrastructure and landscape elements in three-dimensional scale as well as related objects (e.g., city furniture) belonging to urban areas 

- components are described and represented by corresponding two-dimensional and three-dimensional spatial data and geo-referenced data



Q:

CityGML?

A:

- CityGML = City Geography Markup Language 

- Standard for storing and transferring virtual 3D city and regional models 

- developed by the Special Interest Group 3D ( SIG 3D) 

- Representation in four aspects - geometry , topology, semantics and appearance for all 3D geo-objects 

- ensure interoperability of spatial data and their modeling 

-> exchange format (standardized access & exchangeability)



Q:

 What is UIM?

A:

UIM – Urban Information Model 


„It is a semantic modeling framework that aimed at coupling GIS and BIM fields by the definition of contextual processes in order to integrate the business knowledge. It aims at modeling the knowledge of urban environment.

Q:

In which fields can we apply the city models?

A:

reachability analysis 

site analyses 

management of cultural landscape 

management of ski runs 

pipenetwork analyses 

simulation of natural risks 

city information system 

energy atlases / potential

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