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What is Mass Culture (McDonald)?

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- it is imposed from above → lord exploit the cultural needs of the masses in order to make profit and/or maintain their class rules 

- it integrates the asses into a debased 'High Culture' →becoming an instrument of political domination 

–commercially produced culture
– signified as an inferior and debased form of culture 
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Three Definitions of culture

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1. general process of intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic development

2. a particular way of life. whether of people, a period, a group or humanity in general 

3. the works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity 

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What is culture (Williams)?
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culture is a system by which meanings ans ideas are expressed not only in art and learning but also in ordinary behavior 
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What is culture for Matthew Arnold?

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- culture is the product and expression of human attempts to reach a "harmonious perfection" 

→ culture is always only 'high culture' for him  

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Explain the term 'Hegemony'

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- the therm refers to the way in which dominant groups in society, through a process of intellectual an morals leadership, seek to win the consent of subordinate groups in society -> their comprise is called 'compromise equilibrium'

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Who is Raymond Williams?
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  • Founding father of British cultural studies 
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high culture vs. low culture

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high culture= refers to a set of of cultural products, mainly in the arts, held in the highest esteem by a culture

low culture= refers to things as gossip magazines, popular music etc.

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Name the 5 five ways of understanding Ideology (Storey)

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1. ideology can refer to a systematic body of ideas articulated by a particular group of people

2. ideology is used to indicate how she texts and practices present distorted images of reality

3. ideology uses the term to refer to 'ideological forms'

4. ideology is associated with Roland Barthes -> ideology (he calls it myth) operated mainly at the level of connotations, the secondary, the unconscious, meanings that texts and practices carry, or can made to be carry 

5. is developed by Louis Althusser -> his main contention is to see ideology not simply as a body of ideas, but as material practice 

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What do all Definitions of 'popular culture' (Storey) have in common?

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a culture that only emerged following industrialization and urbanization 

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After WWll

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-rebuilding of Britain: finding a new post war identity 

-hope for diffusion of class differences and equal opportunities nor fulfilled

- beginnt of Britain's status as a 'multi-cultural' state 

-1973 UK joins European Economic Community 


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Culture - Structure of feeling (Williams)

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–> particular way of seeing the world 
culture can refer to a 'structure of feeling' according to which all members of a certain group more or less organize the ways in which they know and feel about the world and themselves

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Thatcherism

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- Margaret Thatcher: Prime Minister 1979-1990

-'Thatcherism': neo-liberal politics (reduction of state intervention; free trade; emphasis on individual)

-1982 Folkland war

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen British Kurs an der TU Dortmund - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is Mass Culture (McDonald)?

A:

- it is imposed from above → lord exploit the cultural needs of the masses in order to make profit and/or maintain their class rules 

- it integrates the asses into a debased 'High Culture' →becoming an instrument of political domination 

–commercially produced culture
– signified as an inferior and debased form of culture 
Q:

Three Definitions of culture

A:

1. general process of intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic development

2. a particular way of life. whether of people, a period, a group or humanity in general 

3. the works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity 

Q:
What is culture (Williams)?
A:
culture is a system by which meanings ans ideas are expressed not only in art and learning but also in ordinary behavior 
Q:

What is culture for Matthew Arnold?

A:

- culture is the product and expression of human attempts to reach a "harmonious perfection" 

→ culture is always only 'high culture' for him  

Q:

Explain the term 'Hegemony'

A:

- the therm refers to the way in which dominant groups in society, through a process of intellectual an morals leadership, seek to win the consent of subordinate groups in society -> their comprise is called 'compromise equilibrium'

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Who is Raymond Williams?
A:
  • Founding father of British cultural studies 
Q:

high culture vs. low culture

A:

high culture= refers to a set of of cultural products, mainly in the arts, held in the highest esteem by a culture

low culture= refers to things as gossip magazines, popular music etc.

Q:

Name the 5 five ways of understanding Ideology (Storey)

A:

1. ideology can refer to a systematic body of ideas articulated by a particular group of people

2. ideology is used to indicate how she texts and practices present distorted images of reality

3. ideology uses the term to refer to 'ideological forms'

4. ideology is associated with Roland Barthes -> ideology (he calls it myth) operated mainly at the level of connotations, the secondary, the unconscious, meanings that texts and practices carry, or can made to be carry 

5. is developed by Louis Althusser -> his main contention is to see ideology not simply as a body of ideas, but as material practice 

Q:

What do all Definitions of 'popular culture' (Storey) have in common?

A:

a culture that only emerged following industrialization and urbanization 

Q:

After WWll

A:

-rebuilding of Britain: finding a new post war identity 

-hope for diffusion of class differences and equal opportunities nor fulfilled

- beginnt of Britain's status as a 'multi-cultural' state 

-1973 UK joins European Economic Community 


Q:

Culture - Structure of feeling (Williams)

A:

–> particular way of seeing the world 
culture can refer to a 'structure of feeling' according to which all members of a certain group more or less organize the ways in which they know and feel about the world and themselves

Q:

Thatcherism

A:

- Margaret Thatcher: Prime Minister 1979-1990

-'Thatcherism': neo-liberal politics (reduction of state intervention; free trade; emphasis on individual)

-1982 Folkland war

British

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