MA Gender And Society at Tribhuvan University Kathmandu | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für MA Gender and Society an der Tribhuvan University Kathmandu

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen MA Gender and Society Kurs an der Tribhuvan University Kathmandu zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is Gender?

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  • social identity
  • roles and images of men and women
  • economic, political and social context
  • changeable
  • there is a creation of dichotomies of masculine or feminine attached to male and female
  • but gender is a spectrum wide and broad
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Sex/Gender/Sexuality

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Gayle Rubin 1984, to define a set of arrangements from which the society transforms the biological sex into human activity
  • The three are interlinked through culture
  • heteronormativity
  • According to biological determinist - Biology is destiny
  • According to social constructionist - all the unquestioned, conventional characters are a product of historically and culturally rooted power relationships reproduced in the process of socialization
  • Mothering as a profession
  • Glass Escalator
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Transgender

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Non-binary, gender fluid etc
  • The biological gender perspective assumes only two genders obscuring the diversity.
  • People who do not identify themselves with the gender assigned at birth
  • Assigned G- The sex doctor pronounces after your birth
  • Identified G- The gender you discern later in life
  • Challenges the idea of the gender dichotomy of the male and female
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Intersex

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • variations in sex characteristics
  • do not fit cultural definitions of male or female
  • people who are biologically different from either male or female
  • may not appear physically different
  • challenge the notion of the dichotomy of the two sex
  • the difference in the hormone, chromosomes as well as unidentified, both or one sex organ
  • hermaphrodite is a derogatory term
  • called ' intersex'
  • eugenic project

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Androgyny

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • greek words andros and gynaika
  • the blending of both characteristics in an individual
  • says that gender dualism is not only unacceptable but is very harmful to the society
  • two types , physical and psychological
  • rejects the gender dichotomies
  • Sandra Bem, 1971 concept of psychological androgyny
    • 4 gender role orientation
    • Masculine 
    • Feminine
    • Androgenous
    • Undifferentiated
  • no absence of gender but a fusion
  • religions embrace gods who are androgynous
  • modern media and culture's acceptance of androgyny
  • androgyny is normal
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Sex is a construct

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Judith Butler and Gayle Rubin challenged the notion of underlying sex to a person, arguing that even sex too is a social construct

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Heteronormativity

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • the assumption that all individuals are heterosexual until stated otherwise.
  • this defines 2 things in gerneral
    • how we should behave 
    • who we should be attracted to on the basis of our biological sex
  • is homophobic 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

PostGenderism

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • to move beyond gender
  • social, political and cultural movement that argues how the erasing of the binary dichotomies of gender will liberate us all
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Sexuality

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • heterosexuality is no more natural or less natural than gay sexuality or bisexuality
  • cultural norms and expression of power construct control what is normal
  • defining sexual desires and relations between W/M as normal and all others as deviant
  • also between men and women, all norms are set in the relation to power as to what is normal and what is deviant
  • Adrienne Rich (1980) compulsory heterosexuality - assumption that all people are heterosexual
    • helps in reproducing the inequalities in the lives of sexual minorities
  • like gender, the sexuality of neither fixed nor binary
  • this wide variety and multiplicity shows that culturally dominant binary fails to accurately encapsulate the wide variety of sex and gender lived experiences
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Sociological theories

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • any perception to organize, analyse and explain social reality in the light of social perception to create singular events into substantiative sociological knowledge


  • post-70s saw gender in three levels
    • individual (biological sex)
    • structure (Process of socialization)
    • symbolic (Post Structuralism)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Structural functionalism

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • A framework for building theories that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
  • A theory to explain theories that states that every whole has its constituent parts and every individual part has its independent function, so for a society to run smoothly all the parts must function well.
  • R.K. Merton, latent, manifest and dysfunctional
  • Talcott parsons, role, "concrete process of interaction with concrete role partners"
  • each individual must fulfil their role or social strain theory
    • conformity
    • innovation
    • ritualism
    • retreatism
    • rebellion
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is Sex?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Physical build-up
  • 2-3% unidentified
  • sex organ identification
  • 3 ways: 
    • Hormones
    • Chromosomes
    • Physical anatomy
Lösung ausblenden
  • 392 Karteikarten
  • 168 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen MA Gender and Society Kurs an der Tribhuvan University Kathmandu - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is Gender?

A:
  • social identity
  • roles and images of men and women
  • economic, political and social context
  • changeable
  • there is a creation of dichotomies of masculine or feminine attached to male and female
  • but gender is a spectrum wide and broad
Q:

Sex/Gender/Sexuality

A:
  • Gayle Rubin 1984, to define a set of arrangements from which the society transforms the biological sex into human activity
  • The three are interlinked through culture
  • heteronormativity
  • According to biological determinist - Biology is destiny
  • According to social constructionist - all the unquestioned, conventional characters are a product of historically and culturally rooted power relationships reproduced in the process of socialization
  • Mothering as a profession
  • Glass Escalator
Q:

Transgender

A:
  • Non-binary, gender fluid etc
  • The biological gender perspective assumes only two genders obscuring the diversity.
  • People who do not identify themselves with the gender assigned at birth
  • Assigned G- The sex doctor pronounces after your birth
  • Identified G- The gender you discern later in life
  • Challenges the idea of the gender dichotomy of the male and female
Q:

Intersex

A:
  • variations in sex characteristics
  • do not fit cultural definitions of male or female
  • people who are biologically different from either male or female
  • may not appear physically different
  • challenge the notion of the dichotomy of the two sex
  • the difference in the hormone, chromosomes as well as unidentified, both or one sex organ
  • hermaphrodite is a derogatory term
  • called ' intersex'
  • eugenic project

Q:

Androgyny

A:
  • greek words andros and gynaika
  • the blending of both characteristics in an individual
  • says that gender dualism is not only unacceptable but is very harmful to the society
  • two types , physical and psychological
  • rejects the gender dichotomies
  • Sandra Bem, 1971 concept of psychological androgyny
    • 4 gender role orientation
    • Masculine 
    • Feminine
    • Androgenous
    • Undifferentiated
  • no absence of gender but a fusion
  • religions embrace gods who are androgynous
  • modern media and culture's acceptance of androgyny
  • androgyny is normal
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Sex is a construct

A:

Judith Butler and Gayle Rubin challenged the notion of underlying sex to a person, arguing that even sex too is a social construct

Q:

Heteronormativity

A:
  • the assumption that all individuals are heterosexual until stated otherwise.
  • this defines 2 things in gerneral
    • how we should behave 
    • who we should be attracted to on the basis of our biological sex
  • is homophobic 
Q:

PostGenderism

A:
  • to move beyond gender
  • social, political and cultural movement that argues how the erasing of the binary dichotomies of gender will liberate us all
Q:

Sexuality

A:
  • heterosexuality is no more natural or less natural than gay sexuality or bisexuality
  • cultural norms and expression of power construct control what is normal
  • defining sexual desires and relations between W/M as normal and all others as deviant
  • also between men and women, all norms are set in the relation to power as to what is normal and what is deviant
  • Adrienne Rich (1980) compulsory heterosexuality - assumption that all people are heterosexual
    • helps in reproducing the inequalities in the lives of sexual minorities
  • like gender, the sexuality of neither fixed nor binary
  • this wide variety and multiplicity shows that culturally dominant binary fails to accurately encapsulate the wide variety of sex and gender lived experiences
Q:

Sociological theories

A:
  • any perception to organize, analyse and explain social reality in the light of social perception to create singular events into substantiative sociological knowledge


  • post-70s saw gender in three levels
    • individual (biological sex)
    • structure (Process of socialization)
    • symbolic (Post Structuralism)
Q:

Structural functionalism

A:
  • A framework for building theories that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
  • A theory to explain theories that states that every whole has its constituent parts and every individual part has its independent function, so for a society to run smoothly all the parts must function well.
  • R.K. Merton, latent, manifest and dysfunctional
  • Talcott parsons, role, "concrete process of interaction with concrete role partners"
  • each individual must fulfil their role or social strain theory
    • conformity
    • innovation
    • ritualism
    • retreatism
    • rebellion
Q:

What is Sex?

A:
  • Physical build-up
  • 2-3% unidentified
  • sex organ identification
  • 3 ways: 
    • Hormones
    • Chromosomes
    • Physical anatomy
MA Gender and Society

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