Personality Psychology at Tilburg University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Personality Psychology an der Tilburg University

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Personality Psychology Kurs an der Tilburg University zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN

electrodermal activity/ Skin conductance

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Even before the sweat is visible, however, it can be detected by the clever application of a small amount of electricity because water (i.e., sweat) conducts electricity. The more water present in the skin, the more easily the skin carries, or conducts, electricity. This bioelectric process, known as electrodermal activity (dermal means “of the skin”), or skin conductance, makes it possible for researchers to directly measure sympathetic nervous system activity.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

electrodes

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Most of the common physiological measures in personality research are obtained from electrodes, or sensors placed on the surface of a participant’s skin.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Physiological differences between introverts and extroverts

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Extraverts and introverts do not differ in their level of brain activity

while sleeping, for example, or while lying quietly in a darkened room with their eyes shut (Stelmack, 1990). However, when presented with moderate levels of stimulation,

introverts show enhanced physiological reactivity compared with extraverts (Gale, 1987).


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

ascending reticular activating system (ARAS)

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

a structure in the brain stem thought to control overall cortical arousal.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Chronic stress

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

is another serious form of stress. It refers to stress that does not
end. It grinds us down until our resistance is gone.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Problem-focused coping

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

refers to using thoughts
and behaviors to manage or solve the underlying cause of the stress.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Genotype–environment interaction

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

refers to the differential response of individuals with different
genotypes (e.g. introverts and extraverts) to the same environments (e.g. noise in the room).


Extraverts can focus more when there is distracation, introverts can not. They behave
differently to the same environment.
• Individual differences interact with the environment to affect performance.
Exposure to the same environment (abusive parenting) produces different effects on
personality, depending on the differences in genotype.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

schizotypal personality disorders

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Schizotypes are anxious and uncomfortable in social situations, especially if those situations
involve strangers. Schizotypal persons also feel that they are different from others or that they
do not fit in with the group

• less anxious as they become more familiar with the group

tend to be suspicious of others and are not prone to trust others or to relax in
their presence.

Eccentric: doesnot fit in the social group.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

reasons for stress: secondary appraisal

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

, is when

the person concludes that he or she does not have the resources to cope with the demands

of the threatening event

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

power stress:

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

When high nPow people do not get their way or when their power is challenged or blocked, they are
likely to show strong stress responses.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
behavioral inhibition system (BIS):
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

is responsive to cues for punishment, frustration, and uncertainty. The effect of BIS activation is to cease or inhibit behavior or to bring about avoidance behavior.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

behavioral activation system (BAS)

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN


is responsive to incentives, such as cues for reward, and regulates approach behavior, most likely through the dopamine system. When the BAS recognizes a stimulus as potentially rewarding, it triggers approach behavior.
Lösung ausblenden
  • 4827 Karteikarten
  • 117 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Personality Psychology Kurs an der Tilburg University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

electrodermal activity/ Skin conductance

A:

Even before the sweat is visible, however, it can be detected by the clever application of a small amount of electricity because water (i.e., sweat) conducts electricity. The more water present in the skin, the more easily the skin carries, or conducts, electricity. This bioelectric process, known as electrodermal activity (dermal means “of the skin”), or skin conductance, makes it possible for researchers to directly measure sympathetic nervous system activity.

Q:

electrodes

A:

Most of the common physiological measures in personality research are obtained from electrodes, or sensors placed on the surface of a participant’s skin.

Q:

Physiological differences between introverts and extroverts

A:

Extraverts and introverts do not differ in their level of brain activity

while sleeping, for example, or while lying quietly in a darkened room with their eyes shut (Stelmack, 1990). However, when presented with moderate levels of stimulation,

introverts show enhanced physiological reactivity compared with extraverts (Gale, 1987).


Q:

ascending reticular activating system (ARAS)

A:

a structure in the brain stem thought to control overall cortical arousal.

Q:

Chronic stress

A:

is another serious form of stress. It refers to stress that does not
end. It grinds us down until our resistance is gone.

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Problem-focused coping

A:

refers to using thoughts
and behaviors to manage or solve the underlying cause of the stress.

Q:

Genotype–environment interaction

A:

refers to the differential response of individuals with different
genotypes (e.g. introverts and extraverts) to the same environments (e.g. noise in the room).


Extraverts can focus more when there is distracation, introverts can not. They behave
differently to the same environment.
• Individual differences interact with the environment to affect performance.
Exposure to the same environment (abusive parenting) produces different effects on
personality, depending on the differences in genotype.

Q:

schizotypal personality disorders

A:

Schizotypes are anxious and uncomfortable in social situations, especially if those situations
involve strangers. Schizotypal persons also feel that they are different from others or that they
do not fit in with the group

• less anxious as they become more familiar with the group

tend to be suspicious of others and are not prone to trust others or to relax in
their presence.

Eccentric: doesnot fit in the social group.

Q:

reasons for stress: secondary appraisal

A:

, is when

the person concludes that he or she does not have the resources to cope with the demands

of the threatening event

Q:

power stress:

A:

When high nPow people do not get their way or when their power is challenged or blocked, they are
likely to show strong stress responses.

Q:
behavioral inhibition system (BIS):
A:

is responsive to cues for punishment, frustration, and uncertainty. The effect of BIS activation is to cease or inhibit behavior or to bring about avoidance behavior.

Q:

behavioral activation system (BAS)

A:


is responsive to incentives, such as cues for reward, and regulates approach behavior, most likely through the dopamine system. When the BAS recognizes a stimulus as potentially rewarding, it triggers approach behavior.
Personality Psychology

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Das sind die beliebtesten Personality Psychology Kurse im gesamten StudySmarter Universum

Psychology

University College of Skövde

Zum Kurs
Personality Psychology 1st year

University of Groningen

Zum Kurs
Personality psychology

Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University

Zum Kurs
Personality

University of South Africa

Zum Kurs

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden Personality Psychology
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen Personality Psychology