Introduction To Clinical Neuropsychology at Tilburg University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Introduction to clinical neuropsychology an der Tilburg University

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What does neuronal plasticity enable?
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adaptation to changing demands of environment 

better recovery after brain damage 
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Where is acetylcholine produced?
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nuclei within brainstem/frontal lobe 
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According to Gall and Spurzheim what are well developed mental functions an effect of?
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better developed cortex
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Which idea did descartes propose? Which brain part was especially impotant for him?
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dualism 

pineal gland seat of the soul
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How did Fritz and Hizig investigate the relation between cortical areas and motor behvaior?
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investigating motor actions after electric stimulation of motor cortex
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"The larger the lesion the stronger the effect"
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principle of mass action 

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Which study did flouren make and what was his position in the localization-holism debate?
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removed small pieces of cortex in animals but did not observe specific/permanent behavioral effects

he became anti localisationist
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What is the difference between the localization of simple function between man and animal?
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simple functions more subcortically localized in animals than in man
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Why are the effects of lesions often not very specific?
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principle of equipotentiality
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What did penfield and Rasmussen do while the performed brain surgeries?
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mapped cortical functions by using local electrical cortical stimulation
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Predeccor of modern idea that mental functions are not localized in specific single cortical localisations but are localized in multiple locations which are mutually connected
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Wernickes aphasia model
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Who was the first human to proposed a one to one relationship between function and brain location?
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plato
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Introduction to clinical neuropsychology Kurs an der Tilburg University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What does neuronal plasticity enable?
A:
adaptation to changing demands of environment 

better recovery after brain damage 
Q:
Where is acetylcholine produced?
A:
nuclei within brainstem/frontal lobe 
Q:
According to Gall and Spurzheim what are well developed mental functions an effect of?
A:
better developed cortex
Q:
Which idea did descartes propose? Which brain part was especially impotant for him?
A:
dualism 

pineal gland seat of the soul
Q:
How did Fritz and Hizig investigate the relation between cortical areas and motor behvaior?
A:
investigating motor actions after electric stimulation of motor cortex
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
"The larger the lesion the stronger the effect"
A:
principle of mass action 

Q:
Which study did flouren make and what was his position in the localization-holism debate?
A:
removed small pieces of cortex in animals but did not observe specific/permanent behavioral effects

he became anti localisationist
Q:
What is the difference between the localization of simple function between man and animal?
A:
simple functions more subcortically localized in animals than in man
Q:
Why are the effects of lesions often not very specific?
A:
principle of equipotentiality
Q:
What did penfield and Rasmussen do while the performed brain surgeries?
A:
mapped cortical functions by using local electrical cortical stimulation
Q:
Predeccor of modern idea that mental functions are not localized in specific single cortical localisations but are localized in multiple locations which are mutually connected
A:
Wernickes aphasia model
Q:
Who was the first human to proposed a one to one relationship between function and brain location?
A:
plato
Introduction to clinical neuropsychology

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