Intr. To Psych. And History at Tilburg University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Intr. to Psych. and History an der Tilburg University

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What is systematic desensitization, who first introduced it?

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Systematic desensitization 

a technique to help people effectively overcome phobias and other anxiety disorders based on principles of classical conditioning; a person is exposed to a stimulus at a low level, and once no negative reaction is present a stronger version of the negative stimulus is given. 


First introduced by: South African psychologist Joseph Wolpe

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Latent Learning

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Learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it.



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What is described as free association in psychoanalysis?

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Free association: the analyst asks the individual to share thoughts, words, or images that come freely to mind or in reaction to some cue; the results are interpreted by the analyst to uncover unconscious thoughts and conflict.

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grand hypnotisme
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Charcot's discredited concept of the major form or type of hypnotism, characterized by passing through a number of stages.
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regression toward the mean
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A statistical term referring to the phenomenon in which extreme scores on one correlated variable tend to be associated with scores closer to the mean on the other.
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positive reinforcement
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A contingency of reinforcement in which the probability of a response is increased when it is followed by a desired consequence or reward.
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Psychosexual Development

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A series of stages of development related to drives, instincts, and sources of pleasure, with a particular focus on sexual desire, proposed by Freud.

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Mesmerism
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A practice, in which patients were induced through suggestion and the application of magnetic force to enter a crisis state
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Group fallacy by Allport
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the notion that people in groups or crowds can collectively create and be influenced by a “group mind”, that is, a super ordinate entity that is more than just the sum of their individual reactions.
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What is nomothetic research?
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In nomothetic research individuals are studied as individual instances of general characteristics that are distributed in the population
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Personality psychology (“Personology”)

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is the scientific study of those aspects that make a person uniquely themselves.

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Puységur, Marquis de
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Puységur, Marquis de
A French aristocrat and student of Mesmer whose induction of perfect crises and artificial somnambulism in patients led to the discovery of many now standard hypnotic effects; original name Amand Marie Jacques de Chastenet. (1751-1825)
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Q:

What is systematic desensitization, who first introduced it?

A:

Systematic desensitization 

a technique to help people effectively overcome phobias and other anxiety disorders based on principles of classical conditioning; a person is exposed to a stimulus at a low level, and once no negative reaction is present a stronger version of the negative stimulus is given. 


First introduced by: South African psychologist Joseph Wolpe

Q:

Latent Learning

A:

Learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it.



Q:

What is described as free association in psychoanalysis?

A:

Free association: the analyst asks the individual to share thoughts, words, or images that come freely to mind or in reaction to some cue; the results are interpreted by the analyst to uncover unconscious thoughts and conflict.

Q:
grand hypnotisme
A:
Charcot's discredited concept of the major form or type of hypnotism, characterized by passing through a number of stages.
Q:
regression toward the mean
A:
A statistical term referring to the phenomenon in which extreme scores on one correlated variable tend to be associated with scores closer to the mean on the other.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
positive reinforcement
A:
A contingency of reinforcement in which the probability of a response is increased when it is followed by a desired consequence or reward.
Q:

Psychosexual Development

A:

A series of stages of development related to drives, instincts, and sources of pleasure, with a particular focus on sexual desire, proposed by Freud.

Q:
Mesmerism
A:
A practice, in which patients were induced through suggestion and the application of magnetic force to enter a crisis state
Q:
Group fallacy by Allport
A:
the notion that people in groups or crowds can collectively create and be influenced by a “group mind”, that is, a super ordinate entity that is more than just the sum of their individual reactions.
Q:
What is nomothetic research?
A:
In nomothetic research individuals are studied as individual instances of general characteristics that are distributed in the population
Q:

Personality psychology (“Personology”)

A:

is the scientific study of those aspects that make a person uniquely themselves.

Q:
Puységur, Marquis de
A:
Puységur, Marquis de
A French aristocrat and student of Mesmer whose induction of perfect crises and artificial somnambulism in patients led to the discovery of many now standard hypnotic effects; original name Amand Marie Jacques de Chastenet. (1751-1825)
Intr. to Psych. and History

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