Experimental Psychology at Tilburg University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Experimental Psychology an der Tilburg University

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Describe Divided Attention

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Sharing attention dynamically between multiple tasks

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How does Operant / Instrumental Conditioning work?

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Operant/Instrumental Conditioning In operant conditioning, a subject learns the relationship between a stimulus and its behavior. A stimulus is only presented in response to a certain action of the subject and serves as a reinforcer that increases or decreases the probability of that action.

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Better recall for items in a list that were made unusual in some fashion (e.g., bold or underlined) is called __________.

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the von Restorff / isolation effect

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Which one of the following statements is correct regarding REM sleep?

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REM sleep re-vitalises your brain after strenuous mental activity.

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dysphasia 

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deficiency in producing or comprehending speech

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What is the aim of neurosciences?
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To investigate the relationship between mental processes and their biological foundations in the Central Nervous System (CNS).
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What is the part of the eye called where the light passes through first?
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The cornea. This is where most of the reflection takes place. 
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Where are the cone receptors located and what are they responsible for? 
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Cones are mostly packed in the central part of the retina, the fovea. Cones are responsible for perception of colour and fine details. 
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What is the key idea of the signal detection theory? (SDT)
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SDT assumes that a target stimulus is presented against a background of internal noise. Activity of the stimulus is added to the constant noise signal. The individual decides whether the observed activity originates from „noise alone“ or from „stimulus+noise“. The individual uses a criterium for this. There are 4 possibilities: Hit, Miss, Fals, and Correct Rejection. 
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What is Classical conditioning? 
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  1. a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired: a response which is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone.
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What is Mental Chronometry? 
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Mental chronometry is the scientific study of processing speed or reaction time on cognitive tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of mental operations.
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What is Comparative psychology?
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Comparative psychology refers to the scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of (non-human) animals, especially as these relate to the phylogenetic history, adaptive significance, and development of behaviour.
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Experimental Psychology Kurs an der Tilburg University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Describe Divided Attention

A:

Sharing attention dynamically between multiple tasks

Q:

How does Operant / Instrumental Conditioning work?

A:

Operant/Instrumental Conditioning In operant conditioning, a subject learns the relationship between a stimulus and its behavior. A stimulus is only presented in response to a certain action of the subject and serves as a reinforcer that increases or decreases the probability of that action.

Q:

Better recall for items in a list that were made unusual in some fashion (e.g., bold or underlined) is called __________.

A:

the von Restorff / isolation effect

Q:

Which one of the following statements is correct regarding REM sleep?

A:

REM sleep re-vitalises your brain after strenuous mental activity.

Q:

dysphasia 

A:

deficiency in producing or comprehending speech

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is the aim of neurosciences?
A:
To investigate the relationship between mental processes and their biological foundations in the Central Nervous System (CNS).
Q:
What is the part of the eye called where the light passes through first?
A:
The cornea. This is where most of the reflection takes place. 
Q:
Where are the cone receptors located and what are they responsible for? 
A:
Cones are mostly packed in the central part of the retina, the fovea. Cones are responsible for perception of colour and fine details. 
Q:
What is the key idea of the signal detection theory? (SDT)
A:
SDT assumes that a target stimulus is presented against a background of internal noise. Activity of the stimulus is added to the constant noise signal. The individual decides whether the observed activity originates from „noise alone“ or from „stimulus+noise“. The individual uses a criterium for this. There are 4 possibilities: Hit, Miss, Fals, and Correct Rejection. 
Q:
What is Classical conditioning? 
A:
  1. a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired: a response which is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone.
Q:
What is Mental Chronometry? 
A:
Mental chronometry is the scientific study of processing speed or reaction time on cognitive tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of mental operations.
Q:
What is Comparative psychology?
A:
Comparative psychology refers to the scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of (non-human) animals, especially as these relate to the phylogenetic history, adaptive significance, and development of behaviour.
Experimental Psychology

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