Rechnerstrukturen at Technische Universität Wien

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Exemplary flashcards for Rechnerstrukturen at the Technische Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

Name 4 Classes of Computer.

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What's the Throughput?

Exemplary flashcards for Rechnerstrukturen at the Technische Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What's the Elapsed time?

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Exemplary flashcards for Rechnerstrukturen at the Technische Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What's the Instruction Set Architecture?

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What does operating memory require?

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What are the six steps of Procedure Calling?

Exemplary flashcards for Rechnerstrukturen at the Technische Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What is a procedure?

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Exemplary flashcards for Rechnerstrukturen at the Technische Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What's the response time?

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What is an Instruction Set?

Exemplary flashcards for Rechnerstrukturen at the Technische Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What is a data race?

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What' the meaning of CPU time?
What does it include?

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Exemplary flashcards for Rechnerstrukturen at the Technische Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What are the Design Principles?

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Exemplary flashcards for Rechnerstrukturen at the Technische Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

Rechnerstrukturen

Name 4 Classes of Computer.

  1. Personal computers
    general purpose, variety of software
    subject of cost/performance tradeoff
  2. Server computers
    Network based
    high capacity, performance, reliability
  3. Supercomputers
    high-end scientific and engineering calculations
    highest capability but represent a small fraction of the overall computer market
  4. Embedded computers
    Hidden as components of systems
    Stringent power/performance/cost constraints

Rechnerstrukturen

What's the Throughput?

The total work done per unit time.

Rechnerstrukturen

What's the Elapsed time?

The total response time, including all aspects

--> Processing, I/O, OS overhead, idle time

It determines the system performance.


Note: Different programs are affected differently by CPU and system performance

Rechnerstrukturen

What's the Instruction Set Architecture?

It is an abstract interface between the hardware and the lowest-level software that encompasses all the information necessary to write a machine language program that will run correctly, including instructions, registers, memory access, I/O,...

Rechnerstrukturen

What does operating memory require?

It requires loads and stores.

Rechnerstrukturen

What are the six steps of Procedure Calling?

Steps required
1. Place parameters in registers x10 to x17
2. Transfer control to procedure
3. Acquire storage for procedure
4. Perform procedure’s operations
5. Place result in register for caller
6. Return to place of call (address in x1)

Rechnerstrukturen

What is a procedure?

A stored subroutine that performs a specific task based on the parameters with which it is provided.


Anm: Es ist vergleichbar mit einer Funktion.

Rechnerstrukturen

What's the response time?

How long it takes to do a task

Rechnerstrukturen

What is an Instruction Set?

The repertoire of instructions of a computer

Different computers have different instruction sets

Rechnerstrukturen

What is a data race?

Two memory accesses form a data race if they are from different threads to the same location, at least one is a write, and they occure one after another.

Rechnerstrukturen

What' the meaning of CPU time?
What does it include?

It is the time spent processing a given job.

It comprises user CPU time and system CPU time.


Note: Different programs are affected differently by CPU and system performance

Rechnerstrukturen

What are the Design Principles?

  1. Simplicity favors regularity
  2. Smaller is fast
  3. Good design demands good compromises

Make the common case fast.

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