International Business Law at Technische Hochschule Nürnberg | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für International Business Law an der Technische Hochschule Nürnberg

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Did the Treaty of Lisbon create a Union Constitution? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
No. Because a constitution was signed by the union but it was never successfully ratified 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Can EU law take precedence even over national constitutions? Which case determined this? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
No - Handelsgesellschaft 
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Does the principle of supremacy nullify national norms? 
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Yes. National norms that conflict with EU community law are no longer usable. 
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True or False. Union legislative acts can only be adopted from a Commission proposal. 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
True 

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True or false. For a selling arrangement restriction to not be a MEQR under the Keck criteria, it must either de facto or de jure treat national and foreign products in the same.  manner.  

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True. It only needs to have either the de facto or de jure equal treatment of foreign and national products.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Which are true regarding the notion of discrimination de facto

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

In the 90's, the general consensus shifted towards more of a test of market access hindrance. 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Can MEQRS of a discriminatory nature be justified under the Cassis Formula/Rule of Reason? 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Yes. But the MS has the burden of proof. They have to show that it's truly in the interest of the public. 

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Which of the legislative procedures are binding? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Recommendation 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Can principle of supremacy be called into effect for national laws that pre or post date the Union? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Yes 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Can a restriction of the Union’s fundamental freedoms (free movement of goods, people, capital) be justified by the protection of the Fundamental Rights? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Yes. Both member states and the Union are required to respect fundamental rights so this can justify a restriction of the fundamental freedoms obligations. 
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True or false. Regulations are now the preferred Union harmonisation measure. 

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True. Regulations eliminate differences in the timing of transposition and reduce the risk of incorrect application. However the principle of subsidiarity must be taken into account.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the purpose of a preliminary ruling?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

To ensure a uniform interpretation and application of laws all throughout the Union.  National courts can bring before the ECJ questions which concern the interpretation of Union law or the validity of acts adopted by union institutions.

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Q:
Did the Treaty of Lisbon create a Union Constitution? 
A:
No. Because a constitution was signed by the union but it was never successfully ratified 
Q:
Can EU law take precedence even over national constitutions? Which case determined this? 
A:
No - Handelsgesellschaft 
Q:
Does the principle of supremacy nullify national norms? 
A:
Yes. National norms that conflict with EU community law are no longer usable. 
Q:
True or False. Union legislative acts can only be adopted from a Commission proposal. 
A:
True 

Q:

True or false. For a selling arrangement restriction to not be a MEQR under the Keck criteria, it must either de facto or de jure treat national and foreign products in the same.  manner.  

A:

True. It only needs to have either the de facto or de jure equal treatment of foreign and national products.

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Q:

Which are true regarding the notion of discrimination de facto

A:

In the 90's, the general consensus shifted towards more of a test of market access hindrance. 

Q:

Can MEQRS of a discriminatory nature be justified under the Cassis Formula/Rule of Reason? 

A:

Yes. But the MS has the burden of proof. They have to show that it's truly in the interest of the public. 

Q:
Which of the legislative procedures are binding? 
A:
Recommendation 
Q:
Can principle of supremacy be called into effect for national laws that pre or post date the Union? 
A:
Yes 
Q:
Can a restriction of the Union’s fundamental freedoms (free movement of goods, people, capital) be justified by the protection of the Fundamental Rights? 
A:
Yes. Both member states and the Union are required to respect fundamental rights so this can justify a restriction of the fundamental freedoms obligations. 
Q:

True or false. Regulations are now the preferred Union harmonisation measure. 

A:

True. Regulations eliminate differences in the timing of transposition and reduce the risk of incorrect application. However the principle of subsidiarity must be taken into account.

Q:

What is the purpose of a preliminary ruling?

A:

To ensure a uniform interpretation and application of laws all throughout the Union.  National courts can bring before the ECJ questions which concern the interpretation of Union law or the validity of acts adopted by union institutions.

International Business Law

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