Automation Technology at Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Automation Technology an der Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt

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What are the goals of Automation?

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  • Comfort (Humanisation)
  • Quality increase
  • Rationalisation
  • Real Time
  • Susceptance to failure


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What are the fields of Automation?

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Automation of technical processes in devices, machines, units and plants 

  • Measuring
  • Controlling
  • Regulating
  • Monitoring and recording
  • Guiding and directing
  • Operating and supervising


Automation of technical activities in construction, control engineering, development and production

  • Designing and calculating
  • Drawing circuit diagrams
  • Software design
  • Project planning
  • Production preparation
  • Testing i.a.
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What is the definition of Automation according to DIN 19 233?

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Automations means using artificial means, so that a process runs automatically. In a system, this means equipping them with automats so that it works automatically. Automation is the result of automating.


Automatically means working like an automat.


An automat is an artificial system that automatically follows a program. Based on the program, the system makes decisions by combining inputs with the respective states of the system with outputs as consequence.

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What is the task of Automation?

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Independent (autonomous) execution of processes according to previously defined algorithms without human intervention 

(The intervention by humans is replaced by controlers)

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What is Timeliness (real time tasking)?

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The entire signal acquisition, transmission, processing and output takes place within a maximum response time that is less than the shortest process time.

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What do Automation tasks describe?

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They describe how the automation tasks are solved, such as the task of controlling the filling level can be achieved by defining the dependence of the valve position on the filling level in the form of a mathematical function or algorithm.

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What is the definition of reliability?

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Probability that an automation system fulfils the planned task flawlessly

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How does a real- time system work?

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  • A real- time system consists of a real- time operating system and the application program
  • An application program consists of several computation processes (tasks)
  • Each task carries out a complete algorithm
  • The operating system controls the chronological sequence of the tasks
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Of what does the automation pyramid consist?

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From the highest to the lowest level of the pyramid it goes: 

1. Enterprise Level 

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) 

2. Operations Level

    Manufacturing Execution System (MES) 

3. Process Level

     Human Machine Interface (HMI)

4. Control Level

     Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) 

5. Field Level

     Sensors/ Actuators


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What kind of Automation components do exist?

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  • Automation controller

              - Standard controller 

              - Specialised controller 

  • Communication systems

              - Point- to Point Connection

              - Bus systems 

  • Devices for operation/ supervision
  • Sensors
  • Actuators
  • Installation technology


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What are some environmental conditions in a factory which could interfere?

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  • Mechanical vibrations
  • Electromagnetic interferences
  • Moisture
  • Water
  • Explosive gases
  • Mechanical impacts
  • Foreign objects
  • Heat
  • Dust 
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What is the definition of safety?

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Safety is a binary measure. A plant is either safe or not safe.

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  • 23680 Karteikarten
  • 634 Studierende
  • 27 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Automation Technology Kurs an der Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What are the goals of Automation?

A:
  • Comfort (Humanisation)
  • Quality increase
  • Rationalisation
  • Real Time
  • Susceptance to failure


Q:

What are the fields of Automation?

A:

Automation of technical processes in devices, machines, units and plants 

  • Measuring
  • Controlling
  • Regulating
  • Monitoring and recording
  • Guiding and directing
  • Operating and supervising


Automation of technical activities in construction, control engineering, development and production

  • Designing and calculating
  • Drawing circuit diagrams
  • Software design
  • Project planning
  • Production preparation
  • Testing i.a.
Q:

What is the definition of Automation according to DIN 19 233?

A:

Automations means using artificial means, so that a process runs automatically. In a system, this means equipping them with automats so that it works automatically. Automation is the result of automating.


Automatically means working like an automat.


An automat is an artificial system that automatically follows a program. Based on the program, the system makes decisions by combining inputs with the respective states of the system with outputs as consequence.

Q:

What is the task of Automation?

A:

Independent (autonomous) execution of processes according to previously defined algorithms without human intervention 

(The intervention by humans is replaced by controlers)

Q:

What is Timeliness (real time tasking)?

A:

The entire signal acquisition, transmission, processing and output takes place within a maximum response time that is less than the shortest process time.

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What do Automation tasks describe?

A:

They describe how the automation tasks are solved, such as the task of controlling the filling level can be achieved by defining the dependence of the valve position on the filling level in the form of a mathematical function or algorithm.

Q:

What is the definition of reliability?

A:

Probability that an automation system fulfils the planned task flawlessly

Q:

How does a real- time system work?

A:
  • A real- time system consists of a real- time operating system and the application program
  • An application program consists of several computation processes (tasks)
  • Each task carries out a complete algorithm
  • The operating system controls the chronological sequence of the tasks
Q:

Of what does the automation pyramid consist?

A:

From the highest to the lowest level of the pyramid it goes: 

1. Enterprise Level 

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) 

2. Operations Level

    Manufacturing Execution System (MES) 

3. Process Level

     Human Machine Interface (HMI)

4. Control Level

     Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) 

5. Field Level

     Sensors/ Actuators


Q:

What kind of Automation components do exist?

A:
  • Automation controller

              - Standard controller 

              - Specialised controller 

  • Communication systems

              - Point- to Point Connection

              - Bus systems 

  • Devices for operation/ supervision
  • Sensors
  • Actuators
  • Installation technology


Q:

What are some environmental conditions in a factory which could interfere?

A:
  • Mechanical vibrations
  • Electromagnetic interferences
  • Moisture
  • Water
  • Explosive gases
  • Mechanical impacts
  • Foreign objects
  • Heat
  • Dust 
Q:

What is the definition of safety?

A:

Safety is a binary measure. A plant is either safe or not safe.

Automation Technology

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