Final Exam at Simon Fraser University | Flashcards & Summaries

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explain enculturation 

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The process of enculturation and our shared experience influence and direct our interactions with members of our collective and those outside of our collective.

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explain culture and how it shapes us 

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Culture informs & shapes us & our understanding of the world around
-> omnipresent within our lives -> constructing our (racial, ethnic, religious,
national) collective experiences

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Explain Theory of social construction

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

all knowledge is created and maintained by
social interactions (P. Berger & T. Luckmann) –>symbolic interactionists
• reinforce our common understanding of reality
• social agents (parents, school, media) shape our knowledge about
reality

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Social construction in two steps:

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1. categorizing experience -> imagining and acting on them
2. forget origins of categories -> see them as natural & unchanging ->
take our social reality for granted -> we don’t question the word around
us
BUT
We have to understand our social context -> use our sociological imagination

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what do Social constructionists argue

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race and ethnicity are categories we
construct to differentiate among ourselves-> they do not exist as a real thing
-> they are created by society to promote a certain power order

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Define Race:

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social distinction based on perceived physical and biological
characteristics. Eg. skin colour, eye shape, hair texture

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define and explain Ethnicity:

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based on cultural differences, eg. kinship, language, religion,
shared history, traditions, folk tales, costumes
All humans have a common ancestor from Africa about 60,000 yrs. Ago -> all
humans are 99% genetically similar

BUT
Differences among people need to be recognized (phenotypical and cultural)
contextually/
Without understanding context we run the risk of essentializing our selves
and the other

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what is Essentialism:

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

the belief that individuals/groups have inherent unchanging
characteristics rooted in biology or in self-contained culture that explains their status or behavior

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explain elements of essentialism 

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Elements of Essentialism reflect an individual’s group and may present
slightly/very differently according to ethno-racial groups, gender, class and
religion

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

explain Miscegenation:

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High level of racial mixing among populations -> Miscegenation: different
racialized groups blend through sexual relations, procreation, marriage, or
cohabitation

->countries, eg. Brazil, use physical characteristics to differentiate class-
based groups

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explain Dominant group:

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: A group of people who have more power in a society than
any of the subordinate groups based on access to resources and wealth. In
Canada, the descendants of the initial settler migrants from English and
French background

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explain how our self identity is rational 

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We see ourselves in the context of:
• race & ethnicity, gender, class, dis/ability, age, etc.

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Q:

explain enculturation 

A:

The process of enculturation and our shared experience influence and direct our interactions with members of our collective and those outside of our collective.

Q:

explain culture and how it shapes us 

A:

Culture informs & shapes us & our understanding of the world around
-> omnipresent within our lives -> constructing our (racial, ethnic, religious,
national) collective experiences

Q:

Explain Theory of social construction

A:

all knowledge is created and maintained by
social interactions (P. Berger & T. Luckmann) –>symbolic interactionists
• reinforce our common understanding of reality
• social agents (parents, school, media) shape our knowledge about
reality

Q:

Social construction in two steps:

A:

1. categorizing experience -> imagining and acting on them
2. forget origins of categories -> see them as natural & unchanging ->
take our social reality for granted -> we don’t question the word around
us
BUT
We have to understand our social context -> use our sociological imagination

Q:

what do Social constructionists argue

A:

race and ethnicity are categories we
construct to differentiate among ourselves-> they do not exist as a real thing
-> they are created by society to promote a certain power order

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Define Race:

A:

social distinction based on perceived physical and biological
characteristics. Eg. skin colour, eye shape, hair texture

Q:

define and explain Ethnicity:

A:

based on cultural differences, eg. kinship, language, religion,
shared history, traditions, folk tales, costumes
All humans have a common ancestor from Africa about 60,000 yrs. Ago -> all
humans are 99% genetically similar

BUT
Differences among people need to be recognized (phenotypical and cultural)
contextually/
Without understanding context we run the risk of essentializing our selves
and the other

Q:

what is Essentialism:

A:

the belief that individuals/groups have inherent unchanging
characteristics rooted in biology or in self-contained culture that explains their status or behavior

Q:

explain elements of essentialism 

A:

Elements of Essentialism reflect an individual’s group and may present
slightly/very differently according to ethno-racial groups, gender, class and
religion

Q:

explain Miscegenation:

A:

High level of racial mixing among populations -> Miscegenation: different
racialized groups blend through sexual relations, procreation, marriage, or
cohabitation

->countries, eg. Brazil, use physical characteristics to differentiate class-
based groups

Q:

explain Dominant group:

A:

: A group of people who have more power in a society than
any of the subordinate groups based on access to resources and wealth. In
Canada, the descendants of the initial settler migrants from English and
French background

Q:

explain how our self identity is rational 

A:

We see ourselves in the context of:
• race & ethnicity, gender, class, dis/ability, age, etc.

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