The Immune System at Silliman University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für The immune system an der Silliman University

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Histologically this system consists of a large, diverse population of leukocytes located within every tissue of the body and__________ interconnected only by the blood and lymphatic circulation.
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lymphoid organs
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Immunologists recognize two partially overlapping lines of defense against invaders and/or other abnormal, potentially harmful cells:
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innate immunity and adaptive immunity
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Adaptive immunity aims at specific microbial invaders, is mediated by ______ and ________
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lymphocytes and antigen-presenting cells (APCs)
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produces memory cells that permit a similar, very rapid response if that specific microbe appears again.
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antigen-presenting cells (APCs)
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 Lymphocytes are formed initially in __________
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primary lymphoid organs (the thymus and bone marrow)
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Most lymphocyte activation and proliferation occur in ___________ (the lymph nodes, the spleen, and diffuse lymphoid tis- sue found in the mucosa of the digestive system, including the tonsils, Peyer patches, and appendix)
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Secondary Lymphoid Organs
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The immune cells located diffusely in the digestive, respiratory, or urogenital mucosae comprise what is collectively known as ____________.
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Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT)
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Proliferating B lymphocytes in the secondary structures of MALT are arranged in small spherical __________
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lymphoid nodules
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The system of defenses termed __________ involves immediate, nonspecific actions, including physical barriers such as the skin and mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and urogenital tracts that prevent infections or penetration of the host body
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innate immunity
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________ on leukocytes allow the recognition and binding of surface components of such invaders
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Toll-like receptors (TLRs)
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________ destroy various unhealthy host cells, including those infected with virus or bacteria, as well as certain potentially tumorigenic cells.
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Natural killer (NK) cells
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 provides defense or immunity against infectious agents ranging from viruses to multicellular parasites
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The immune system
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Q:
Histologically this system consists of a large, diverse population of leukocytes located within every tissue of the body and__________ interconnected only by the blood and lymphatic circulation.
A:
lymphoid organs
Q:
Immunologists recognize two partially overlapping lines of defense against invaders and/or other abnormal, potentially harmful cells:
A:
innate immunity and adaptive immunity
Q:
Adaptive immunity aims at specific microbial invaders, is mediated by ______ and ________
A:
lymphocytes and antigen-presenting cells (APCs)
Q:
produces memory cells that permit a similar, very rapid response if that specific microbe appears again.
A:
antigen-presenting cells (APCs)
Q:
 Lymphocytes are formed initially in __________
A:
primary lymphoid organs (the thymus and bone marrow)
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Q:
Most lymphocyte activation and proliferation occur in ___________ (the lymph nodes, the spleen, and diffuse lymphoid tis- sue found in the mucosa of the digestive system, including the tonsils, Peyer patches, and appendix)
A:
Secondary Lymphoid Organs
Q:
The immune cells located diffusely in the digestive, respiratory, or urogenital mucosae comprise what is collectively known as ____________.
A:
Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT)
Q:
Proliferating B lymphocytes in the secondary structures of MALT are arranged in small spherical __________
A:
lymphoid nodules
Q:
The system of defenses termed __________ involves immediate, nonspecific actions, including physical barriers such as the skin and mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and urogenital tracts that prevent infections or penetration of the host body
A:
innate immunity
Q:
________ on leukocytes allow the recognition and binding of surface components of such invaders
A:
Toll-like receptors (TLRs)
Q:
________ destroy various unhealthy host cells, including those infected with virus or bacteria, as well as certain potentially tumorigenic cells.
A:
Natural killer (NK) cells
Q:
 provides defense or immunity against infectious agents ranging from viruses to multicellular parasites
A:
The immune system
The immune system

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